Class 7 Sanskrit Ruchira, Lesson Swavlambnam - summary, word meaning in Hindi, NCERT Solutions of textbok questions | CBSE Guide स्वावलम्बनम्

Class 7  Swavlambnam (स्वावलम्बनम्)
CBSE Notes, NCERT Solutions, CBSE Guide for Ruchira Sanskrit

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RUCHIRA - Lesson Swavlambnam (स्वावलम्बनम्)

Hindi meaning of Sanskrit words

"Swavlambnam" स्वावलम्बनम्  - शब्दार्थ


स्वावलम्बनम् = स्वावलम्बन।  स्तम्भाः = खम्बे।  प्रकोष्ठेषु = कमरों में।  आस्ताम् = थे। चत्वारिंशत् = चालीस  अष्टादश अठारह।  सर्वविधानि = सभी प्रकार से।  गवाक्षाः = खिड़किया।  आतिथ्यम् = अतिथि सत्कार।  भृत्यः = नौकर।  कर्मकरः = नौकर।  भवताम् = आपके।  स्वशक्त्या = अपनी शक्ति के अनुसार।  बहवः = अनेक।  श्रोत्रे = कान।  सर्वदा = सदा।  जानामि = जानता  हूँ।  अपृच्छत् = पूछा।  भवन्ति = होते हैं।  मनसि = मन में।  अधुना = अब।   
 
Suggested to Read (Learn how English numbers in Sanskrit are spelt): 

Summary in Hindi of Class 7 Sanskrit Ruchira Chapter Swavlambnam 
स्वावलम्बनम् - पाठसार (Meaning in Hindi - Saransh)

कृष्णमूर्ति तथा श्रीकण्ठ दो मित्र थे।  श्रीकण्ठ के पिता बहुत धनी था।  उसके विशाल भवन में चालीस खम्बे थे।  अठारह कमरों में पचास खिड़कियाँ व चवालीस दरवाज़े थे।  
परन्तु कृष्णमूर्ति के माता - पिता साधारण कृषक थे।  उनका घर आडम्बर शून्य पर सुन्दर था।  
एक बार श्रीकण्ठ उसके घर आया।  वहाँ कृष्णमूर्ति तथा उसके माता-पिता ने अपनी सामर्थ अनुसार अतिथि सत्कार किया। घर में कोई नौकर न देखकर श्रीकण्ठ ने कहा - "तुम्हारे घर में एक भी नौकर नहीं है।  मेरे यहाँ तो अनेक नौकर हैं।"
उत्तर में स्वावलम्बी कृष्णमूर्ति कहने लगा - " मित्र! मेरे यहाँ आठ नौकर हैं।  यथा दो पैर, दो हाथ, दो आँख तथा दो कान।  ये प्रतिपल मेरे अधीन रहते हैं।  परन्तु तुम्हारे  नौकर दिन - रात कार्य नहीं कर सकते। उनकी अनुपस्थिति में तुम्हें कष्ट का अनुभव होता होगा। अर्थात स्वावलम्बन में सदा सुख है।"   
यह सुनकर श्रीकण्ठ कहने लगे - 'वस्तुतः मुझे महीनों, व ऋतुओं व दिनों का भी ज्ञान नहीं है।'  तब कृष्णमूर्ति ने बताया कि साल में बारह महीने, छह ऋतुएँ तथा एक मास में तीस दिन होते हैं।  यह सुनकर श्रीकण्ठ अतयधिक प्रसन्न हुआ। 

Cbse Ncert Solutions for Class 7 Sanskrit Ruchira
Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions Answers (प्रश्न अभ्यास )

Question 1: उच्चारणं कुरुत्  (pronounce words) -
उत्तरम् (Solution): Do it yourself in class.

Question 2: अधोलिखितानां प्रश्नानामुत्तराणि लिखत -  (अधोलिखित प्रशनों के उत्तर लिखें )
(क) कस्य भवने सर्वविधानि सुखसाधनानि आसन् ?
(ख) कस्य गृहे कर्मकरः नासीत् ?
(ग) श्रीकण्ठस्य आतिथ्यम् के अकुर्वन् ?
(घ) प्रत्येकं चतुर्थवर्षे फरवरी - मासे कति दिनानि भवन्ति ?
(ङ) कति ऋतवः भवन्ति ?
(च) कृष्ण्मूर्तेः कति कर्मकरः सन्ति ? 
उत्तरम् (Solution)
(क) श्रीकण्ठस्य गृहे सर्वविधानि सुखसाधनानि आसन्। 
(ख) कृष्णमूर्तेः गृहे कर्मकरः नासीत् 
(ग) कृष्णमूर्तिः तस्य पितरौ श्रीकण्ठस्य आतिथ्यम्  अकुर्वन् 
(घ) प्रत्येकं चतुर्थवर्षे फरवरी - मासे एकोनत्रिंशत् दिनानि भवन्ति 
(ङ) षड् ऋतवः भवन्ति 
(च) कृष्ण्मूर्तेः अष्टौ कर्मकरः सन्ति। 

Question 3: चित्राणि गणयित्वा तदग्रे संख्यावाचकशब्दं लिखत - (चित्रों को गिनकर उनके सामने संख्यावाची शब्द लिखें )
[नोट - कृपया चित्र पाठ्यपुस्तक में देखें ]
उत्तरम् (Solution)
(क) अष्टादश 
(ख) एकविंशतिः 
(ग) पञ्चदश 
(घ) षट्त्रिंशत्
(ङ) चतुरविंशतिः 
(च) त्रयस्त्रिंशत् 

Question 4: मञ्जूषातः अङ्कानां कृते पदानि चिनुत् - (मंजुषा से लेकर अंकों के स्थान पर पद लिखें)
मञ्जूषा - चत्वारिंशत्   सप्तविंशतिः   एकत्रिंशत्   पञ्चाशत्   अष्टाविंशतिः   त्रिंशत्   चतुर्विंशतिः 

28 ________    30 ______    24 ______  50 ______  27 _______  31 _______ 40 ______
उत्तरम् (Solution):
28 - अष्टाविंशतिः 
27 - सप्तविंशतिः 
30 - त्रिंशत् 
31 - एकत्रिंशत् 
24 - चतुर्विंशतिः 
40 - चत्वारिंशत् 
50 - पञ्चाशत् 

Question 5: चित्रं दृष्ट्वा मञ्जूषातः पदानि च प्रयुज्य वाक्यानि रचयत - (चित्र को देखकर मंजूषा से पदों का प्रयोग करके वाक्यों की रचना करो)
[नोट - कृपया चित्र पाठ्यपुस्तक में देखें। ]
मञ्जूषा - कृषकाः  कृषकौ  एते  धान्यम्  एषः  कृषकः  एतौ  क्षेत्रम्  कर्षति  कुरुतः  खननकार्यम्  रोपयन्ति
उत्तरम् (Answer):
(क) एषः कृषकः क्षेत्रम् कर्षति ।
(ख) एतौ कृषकौ खननकार्यम् कुरुतः 
(ग) एते कृषकाः धान्यं रोपयन्ति 

Question 6: रेखाङ्कितानि पदानि आधृत्य प्रश्ननिर्माणं कुरुत - (रेखाङ्कित पदों के आधार पर प्रश्ननिर्माण करें )
यथा - अहं स्वावलम्बनस्य  सुखं प्रतिदिनम् अनुभवामि ।
अहं कस्य सुखं प्रतिदिनम् अनुभवामि ?
(क) कृष्णमूर्तिः सामान्यकृषकस्य पुत्रः आसीत् 
(ख) अधुना गृहे कोऽपि कर्मकरः नास्ति ।
(ग) नक्षत्राणम् आवागमनं स्वयमेव भवति ।
(घ) एकस्मिन् वर्गे सप्तदश छात्राः अपठन् ।
उत्तरम् (Solution):
(क) सामान्यकृषकस्य पुत्रः कः आसीत् ?
(ख) अधुना कुत्र कर्मकरः नाऽस्ति ?
(ग) केषाम् आवागमनं स्वयमेव भवति ?
(घ) एकस्मिन् वर्गे कति छात्राः अपठन् ?

Question 7: मञ्जूषातः पदानि चित्वा रिक्त्स्थानानि पूरयत - (मंजूषा से पद लेकर रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति करें )
मञ्जूषा -   षड्   त्रिंशत्    एकत्रिंशत्    द्वौ    द्वादश    अष्टाविंशतिः।  
(क) _____ ऋतवः भवन्ति।  
(ख) मासाः ______ भवन्ति।  
(ग) एकस्मिन्  मासे _______ अथवा ________ दिवसाः भवन्ति 
(घ) फरवरी - मासे सामान्यतः ______ दिनानि भवन्ति 
(ङ) मम शरीरे ______ हस्तौ स्तः 
उत्तरम् (Solution):
(क) षड् ऋतवः भवन्ति 
(ख) मासाः द्वादश भवन्ति 
(ग) एकस्मिन् मासे त्रिंशत् अथवा एकत्रिंशत् दिवसाः भवन्ति 
(घ) मम शरीरे द्वौ हस्तौ स्तः 

अतिरिक्तः अभ्यासः (Additional Questions) 

(CBSE Guide | Extra CBSE sample questions answers)

Question 1: एकपदेन उत्तरत - (एक पद में उत्तर दें )
(क)  श्रीकण्ठस्य पिता कीदृशः आसीत्?
(ख) भवने कति स्तम्भाः आसन्?
(ग) कृष्ण्मूर्तेः पिता कः आसीत्?
(घ) कृष्ण्मूर्तेः गृहं कः अगच्छत्?
(ङ) कृष्ण्मूर्तेः गृहे किं न आसीत्?
(च) कृष्ण्मूर्तेः कति कर्मकरः आसन्?
उत्तरम् (Solution):
(क) समृद्धः। 
(ख) चत्वारिंशत्।  
(ग) कृषकः। 
(घ) श्रीकण्ठ। 
(ङ) कर्मकरः. 
(च) अष्टौ। 

CBSE News: Class 10 Board Exams cancelled and Class 12 Board Exams postponed due to rising Covid cases

 14-April-2021

CBSE Class 10th and Class 12th Board Exam 2021 | Covid-19 Updates

https://www.cbsencertsolution.com

India reported a record single-day rise of 1,84,372 new coronavirus infections pushing the total tally of cases to 1,38,73,825, while the active cases surpassed the 13-lakh mark, according to the Union health ministry data updated on Wednesday (14th April’21).


The CBSE board Exams for Class X and XII which were to be held from 4th May to 14th June, 2021 are cancelled and postponed respectively. A decision Class 12 exams whether to be held will be taken only after CBSE reviews the Covid-19 situation on 1st June’21.  

CBSE will bring a public notice of at least 15 days ahead if Class 12 examinations are taken afterwards.

For Class 10 students, results will be prepared on the basis of an objective criterion to be developed by the Board. Any candidate who is not satisfied with the allocated marks will be allowed to write an exam as and when conditions are conducive, said the Ministry.

The decision was taken by Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi, Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank and CBSE officials after a prolonged meeting. 

During the meeting with PM, the education ministry and PMO had discussed several modes including holding exams in online mode. The PM’s review meeting came amid rising demands from students, parents and State governments for the exams to be cancelled or postponed because of continuously rising cases of Corona Virus (Covid-19). 

Recommended for Class 11, 12 students

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CBSE News related old Posts

CBSE Board Improvement Exams | Class 10, 12 students can now improve their scores in one subject in the same year

 22-Mar-2021

Latest update (14-April-2021): CBSE News: Class 10 Board Exams cancelled and Class 12 Board Exams postponed due to rising Covid cases

CBSE Board Exam 2021 | Class 10, 12 Improvement Exam 

CBSE Improvement Exams Rule Changed

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has initiated reforms in board exams as per the new National Education Policy (NEP) and accordingly have introduced an “improvement exam” from the current academic session 2021-22.


The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) issued a notification yesterday stating that CBSE Class 10 and Class 12 board students, who will appear for the 2021 CBSE Board Exams, will get a chance to appear for improvement exams and upgrade their performance now in one subject in the same academic year.

Earlier, CBSE board students had to wait for a whole year before they could appear for improvement exams. But now Class 10 and 12 students will have the opportunity to take the improvement exam in the same academic year.

The changes have been introduced in accordance with the National Education Policy (NEP) which aims to make exams low stake. The NEP had suggested that Class 10 and 12 board students be given more than one opportunity to score well.

Read: The New National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) at a glance

According to yesterday’s CBSE Notification (CBSE News):

  • Class 10th and 12th board students will get the opportunity to upgrade their scores in one subject in the Improvement Examination, which will be conducted right after the main board examinations end.
  • Better of the two marks obtained by a CBSE student in a particular subject will be considered by the education board while preparing the mark sheet.
  • The CBSE circular read: “This permission will be made available to the candidates appearing in 2021 examination and if they wish to improve their performance in any one subject, they may again apply in the Compartment Examination for appearing to improve their performance.”
  • Students who want to take a retest or improve their scores in more than one subject, previous rules would apply. Meaning, they would have to wait to write the exams with the next batch of students.

The new rules regarding 'Improvement Exams' will come into effect from the 2021 CBSE board exams, which are scheduled to begin in May.


Read: CBSE Board Exam Time Table for Class 10 and 12 | CBSE Date Sheet 2021

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Thank you for your precious time .. Please subscribe us (it’s free) if you haven’t done yet, for the best study materials from Class 7-12 (FREE) and keep you updated with the latest CBSE News related to you .. just one click away anytime free of cost ... 

 

NCERT Solutions of CBSE Class 8 English Honeydew - Chapter 8, A Short Monsoon Diary by Ruskin Bond

CBSE NCERT Solution | NCERT Answers | CBSE Guide | Class 8 English

Class VIII NCERT English Honeydew Chapter 8 - A Short Monsoon Diary by Ruskin Bond


A Short Monsoon Diary - Brief Summary (Introduction)

'Diary' is a record of events, personal experiences and observations written daily or at frequent intervals over a long period of time.

“A Short Monsoon Diary” is a book of experiences during monsoons written by Ruskin Bond where he portrays the silent miracles of nature and also little joys and regrets those he felt in life. Ruskin The diary depicts how Ruskin Bond enjoys the monsoons in the hills along with the accompanying changes in the world of flora and fauna.


Comprehension Check (Honeydew Page 111)

Question 1: Why is the author not able to see Bijju?

Answer: Because of the mist on the hillsides, the author can hear Bijju calling his sister but can’t see him.


Question 2: What are the two ways in which the hills appear to change when the mist comes up?

Answer: When the mist comes up, the hills appear to change. All the birds sitting on the hills fall silent when the mist comes climbing up the hill. When the mist comes up, it conceals not only the hills but blankets them in silence also. 


Comprehension Check (Honeydew Page 113)

Question 1: When does the monsoon season begin and when does it end? How do you prepare to face the monsoon?

Answer: Monsoon season begins in the end of June and ends in the end of August. To prepare to face the monsoon, we star to purchase raincoats, umbrella etc.


Question 2: Which hill-station does the author describe in this diary entry?

Answer: In this diary, the author describes the beauty of the lovely hill station named Mussoorie.


Question 3: For how many days does it rain without stopping? What does the author do on these days?

Answer: It rained for 8 or 9 days without stopping. The author has no way to go outside. He has to sit in the room and look out of the window.


Question 4: Where do the snakes and rodents take shelter? Why?

Answer: The snakes and rodents take place in roofs, attics and godowns in order to save themselves from rain water.


Question 5: What did the author receive in the mail?

Answer: He received a cheque.

 

NCERT Solutions - A Short Monsoon Diary by Ruskin Bond

Related Posts

Working with the Text important questions

Question.1: Look carefully the diary entries for June 24-25, August 2 and March 23. Now write down the changes that happen as the rains progress from June to march.

Answer: June 24 is the first day of monsoon mist. The hills are concealed by the mist. It blankets the hills with a cover of silence. The real monsoon shower comes on June 25. The whole nature welcomes it. The first cobra lily rears its head from the ferns. By August 2, the people become weary of the monsoon. There is no storm, no thunder, just a steady tropical downpour. People keep in their houses and enjoy the sound of raindrops falling on their roofs. Snakes and rodents take shelter in roofs, attics and godowns. March 23 heralds the end of winter. The sky starts to become clear after a hailstorm. And a rainbow starts forming in the clear sky. One can enjoy this sight of rainbow which shows the beauty of nature.  


Question 2: Why did the grandmother ask the children not to kill the chuchundar?

Answer: The grand mother asked the children not to kill the chuchunder as it was treated lucky.


Question 3: What signs do we find in Nature which show that the monsoons are about to end?

Answer: Wild balsam, dahlias, begonias and ground orchids begin to appear. The seeds of cobra lily are turning red. These signs show that the monsoons are about to end.


Question 4: Complete the following sentences.

(i) Bijju is not seen but his voice is heard because ……………
(ii) The writer describes the hill station and valley as …….
(iii) The leopard was successful in …………….. but had to flee when …….
(iv) The minivets are easily noticed because ……..
(v) It looks like a fashion display on the slopes when …..
(vi) During the monsoon season, snakes and rodents are found in roofs and attics because ……

Answer:

(i) ….. there was mist all around over hills
(ii) paradise
(iii) ….. lifting up a dog ………. Bijju’s mother approached there.
(iv) .… they have bright colours.
(v) ……. different flowers rear their heads from the rocks.
(vi) …… their holes get over flooded with rain.


Question 5: Although tin roofs are given to springing unaccountable leaks, there is a feeling of

being untouched by, and yet in touch with, the rain,

(i) Why has the writer used the word ‘springing’?
(ii) How is the writer untouched by the rain?
(iii) How is the writer in touch with the rain at the same time?
Answer:

(i) The roof has many holes; moreover it is not a plain one. That’s why the writer has used this word ‘springing’.

(ii) The rain is not directly pouring on the writer.

(iii) The writer is continuously listening to the crackling sound of downpour on the tin roof, so he is supposed to be in touch with the rain.


Question.6: Mention a few things that can happen when there is endless rain for days together.

Answer: The weather becomes cold and soggy when there is endless rain for days together. Flood may come if it rains continuously for days. To get out becomes difficult. Constant rainfall is an invitation for many insects, rodents, snakes etc to enter the house.


Question.7: What is the significance of cobra lily in relation to the monsoon season, its beginning and end?

Answer: The cobra lily is the symbol of beginning and ending of the monsoon season. The monsoon season starts when the first cobra lily rears its head from the ferns. When the seeds of cobra lily turn red, signifying that the monsoon is coming to an end.


Working with Language important questions

Question.4: Complete the sentences below by using the appropriate phrases:

       (i)          I saw thick black clouds in the sky. And _______ _______ it soon started raining heavily.

     (ii)          The blue umbrella was ______ ______ for the brother and sister.

    (iii)          The butterflies are ____ _____ to get noticed.

    (iv)          The lady was _____ _____ to chase the leopard.

     (v)          The boy was ______ ______ to call out his sister.

    (vi)          The man was ______ ______ to offer help.

  (vii)          The victim’s injury was _____ ______ for him to get admitted in hospital.

(viii)          That person was _____ ______ to repeat the same mistake again.

    (ix)          He told me he was sorry and he would compensate for the loss. I said, ‘____ ____’.

Answer:

     (i) sure enough

    (ii) big enough

  (iii) colourful enough

  (iv) brave enough

   (v) anxious enough

  (vi) kind enough

 (vii) serious enough

(viii) foolish enough 

(ix) Fair enough 

CBSE Board Exam Time Table for Class 10 and 12 | CBSE Date Sheet 2021

 2-Feb-2021

Latest update (14-April-2021): CBSE News: Class 10 Board Exams cancelled and Class 12 Board Exams postponed due to rising Covid cases

CBSE Date Sheet 2021 | Class 10 and 12 Board Exam Time Table 2021 

CBSE Class X and XII Exam Schedule

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Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has released schedule (Date Sheet) for Class X and Class XII Board Exams 2021.

The complete schedules of Class 10 and Class 12 Board Exams are now available on the CBSE official website cbse.nic.in. To check the complete CBSE 2021 date sheet (subject wise Exam Time Table) and other important notifications, simply click on the relevant link provided below which will take you to the CBSE official window:

CBSE Class 10th Board Examination 2021 Date Sheet (Complete Board Exam schedule for all subjects - SECONDARY SCHOOL EXAMINATION 2021)

CBSE 2021 Class 12th Board Examination Date Sheet (Exam date & timing of CBSE 12th Board Exam 2021 for all subjects - SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION 2021)


Alternatively, you can manually check the same at cbse.nic.in

  • Go to the official website
  • Click on the link, 'CBSE Date Sheet Class 10, Class 12'
  • After clicking the same, the date sheet will be displayed on the screen
  • Take a printout for future use

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CBSE Date Sheet is very important as it is required to make preparation-planning for the last few days before beginning of the examination. It is said that once the planning is done, 70 percent work is done. March ahead sincerely with proper planning, the results will automatically come. Only ‘hard labour’ is not enough until it is a ‘skilled labour’. Date Sheet helps in making a ‘Plan’ ahead, and planning is important for ‘Time Management’.

Read: CBSE Board Improvement Exams | Class 10, 12 students can now improve their scores in one subject in the same year

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CBSE Datesheet 2021 for Class 10, 12 Board Exams to be announced on 31st

 27-Dec-2020

CBSE Class 10 and Class 12 Board Exam 2021 latest updates:

CBSE Class 10 and Class 12 Board Exam 2021 latest updates

The dates for the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) board exams will be announced on December 31, Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank tweeted on Saturday.

"Major announcements for students and parents! I will announce the date when the exams will commence for students appearing for CBSE board exams in 2021. Stay tuned," he tweeted.

The education ministry also tweeted the information.


Earlier in this month CBSE had denied a number of media reports that claimed the CBSE Board Exam 2021 will be held in March and students need to get ready. Some posts the second week of this month in social media platforms went viral claimed spreading fake news that the CBSE 2021 Board Exam dates of Class 10 and Class 12 examinations including the CBSE datesheet 2021 for practical exams were out and it created panic among the students and parents.

Read: CBSE Class 10 and 12 Board Exams 2021 - Do not panic on false reports, no datesheet decided yet


Then our education minister, in a virtual address to teachers, had said that the board exams will be conducted after February next year.

"The practical exams are usually held between January 1 and 15 while the exams are conducted between February 15 and mid-March. However, taking into account the present situation (the coronavirus pandemic), it is impossible to conduct the exams till the end of February. We will make a final decision on the exam dates as to when will the exams can be held after February," he had said.

The minister had also said that for students who can't attend schools amid the pandemic for lab work, alternatives would be found.

The CBSE had earlier this month announced that the board exams in 2021 will be conducted in written mode and not online.

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(Source: NDTV - edited)