Unlock-4 SOP Guidelines: Partial reopening of schools for Class 9-12 students


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The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare announced reopening the schools partially or in the areas outside the containment zones from September 21 so that the face-to face method of learning can be restored. In this regard yesterday on 8th Sept, 2020 the ministry has issued a set of guidelines for holding these classes.

(An outline of India's new education policy NEP 2020 - bckground, aims and obectives, various changes, reforms and recommendations under new education rules)

The Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) follow the centre’s Unlock-4 guidelines to allow schools to reopen in areas outside containment zones which will serve as a guide to schools on the safety measures they need to take during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

Various preventive measures that have to be followed to reduce the risk of Corona Virus in general, include simple public health safety steps to be observed by all (teachers, non-teaching staffs, students) all the time in these places.

The SOP includes social distancing guidelines including the use of face masks, maintaining six feet distance between students, following respiratory etiquettes, installation of Aarogya Setu application “wherever feasible” and prohibition of spitting. However, the guidelines also mentioned that online and distance learning shall continue to be in operation and is encouraged.

In order to check out the complete official SOP guidelines please click on Official SOP guidelines for partial reopening of Schools for students of 9th-12th classes issued by Health Ministry taking guidance from their teachers in the context of #COVID19.

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CBSE received SC notice regarding Class 10, 12 Compartmental or Reappear Exam 2020


The Supreme Court yesterday issued a notice to CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) on petitions filed by Class 10 and 12 students, who are seeking cancellation of compartmental exams (reappear exams), scheduled to be held later in this month for those who have failed or are seeking improvement in subjects they appeared.

A three-judge bench headed by Justice AM Khanwilkar issued the notice on the petitions filed by students led by Anika Samvedi. Close to 1.5 lakh students of Class 10 and around 87,000 students of Class 12 are supposed to appear in these exams. The petitioners had filed a representation before the CBSE to cancel the compartmental exams, but it was rejected on August 6.

According to the details shared by the court officials, the petition filed by CBSE students cites that holding Compartmental Exams 2020 for Class 10 and Class 12 students would be detrimental to the health of the students. The petition has said that holding Compartmental Exams in the end of September 2020 would not serve the purpose of helping students who failed in the March 2020 exams, as by that time the admission process to next academic session in majority of colleges and universities would be over.

The CBSE reiterated that it is taking all safety measures during the exam in view of Covid-19. CBSE on Friday pleaded with the Supreme Court against postponement of compartmental exams for Class 10 and 12, telling the court that necessary precautions are being taken for holding the exams this month amid the coronavirus pandemic.

The CBSE's counsel said that the number of examination centres has been increased from 575 to 1,278, and that only 12 students will sit in a classroom for compartmental or reappear exams in view of the social distance norm.

The Court has now directed CBSE to file its response by September 7 and adjourned the matter for hearing on September 10. 

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Counting in Sanskrit | Sankhyavachak Sanskrit Shabd | संख्यावाचक शब्द

Counting in Sanskrit | Numbers in Sanskrit, their Gender | Sanskrit me ginti
संख्यावाचक शब्दों (संख्याओं) का लिंग निर्धारण | संस्कृत में संख्यावाचक शब्द

·     51 => एकपञ्चाशत् 
·     52 => द्विपञ्चाशत् 
·     53 => त्रयपञ्चाशत् 
·     54 => चतुःपञ्चाशत् 
·     55 => पञ्चपञ्चाशत् 
·     56 => षट्पञ्चाशत्
·     57 => सप्तपञ्चाशत्
·     58 => अष्टपञ्चाशत्
·     59 =>  नवपञ्चाशत् / एकोनषष्टिः
·     60 => षष्टिः
·     61 => एकषष्टिः  
·     62 => द्वाषष्टिः / द्विषष्टिः 
·     63 => त्रिषष्टिः
·     64 => चतुषष्टिः  
·     65 => पञ्चषष्टिः
·     66 => षट्षष्टिः 
·     67 => सप्तषष्टिः 
·     68 => अष्टषष्टिः
·     69 => नवषष्टिः / एकोनसप्ततिः
·     70 => सप्ततिः
·     71 => एकसप्ततिः
·     72 => द्वासप्ततिः
·     73 => त्रिसप्ततिः / त्रयसप्ततिः
·     74 => चतुसप्ततिः  
·     75 => पञ्चसप्ततिः
·     76 => षट्सप्ततिः
·     77 => सप्तसप्ततिः
·     78 => अष्टसप्ततिः
·     79 => नवसप्ततिः / एकोनाशीतिः  
·     80 => अशीतिः
·     81 => एकाशीतिः 
·     82 => द्वयशीतिः 
·     83 => त्रयशीतिः 
·     84 => चतुरशीतिः
·     85 => पञ्चशीतिः   
·     86 => षडशीतिः   
·     87 => सप्ताशीतिः  
·     88 => अष्टाशीतिः 
·     89 => नवाशीतिः / एकोननवतिः  
·     90 => नवतिः 
·     91 => एकनवतिः 
·     92 => द्विनवतिः
·     93 => त्रिनवतिः  
·     94 => चतुरनवतिः
·     95 => पञ्चनवतिः  
·     96 => षष्टनवतिः   
·     97 => सप्तनवतिः  
·     98 => अष्टनवतिः  
·     99 => नवनवतिः / एकोनशतम्   
·     100 => शतम् 

संस्कृत संख्याओं का लिंग निर्धारण 
संख्याओं का लिंग परिवर्तन और प्रयोग 
Gender determination of Sanskrit Numbers | How to alter gender (Ling) of a Sanskrit Number and use it in making Sanskrit sentences
  • एक से अष्टादश (18) पर्यन्त संख्या तीनों लिंगों में प्रयुक्त होती है। 
  • नवदश (19) से  नवनवतिः (99) तक संख्या स्त्रीलिंग (feminine) होती है। 
  • प्रथमः, द्वितीयः, तृतीयः में 'आ' प्रत्यय जोड़ ने से उनके स्त्रीलिंग रूप होता है जैसे - प्रथमा, द्वितीया, तृतीया।    

CBSE Guide for Class 8 NCERT Civics | Understanding Our Criminal Justice System | Additional questions answers

CBSE Guide | NCERT Solution | CBSE Guess

Class 8, NCERT Civics (Social and Political Life - Part 3) | Solved Additional Questions

Chapter 6, Understanding Our Criminal Justice System
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Question 1: What is the role of the police in investigating a crime?
Answer: One important function of the police is to investigate any complaint about the commission of the crime. This includes recording the statements of witnesses and finding all evidences. The Supreme Court of India has laid down specific requirements and procedures known as the D.K. Basu Guidelines that the police have to follow during the arrest, detention and interrogation of any person. On the basis of this investigation, if the police think that the evidence points to the guilt of the accused person, then they file a charge sheet in the court.
One important thing is to be mentioned here that it is not the job the police to decide whether a person is guilty or innocent as this will be decided in the court of law by the judge. 
Question 2: What is ‘fair trial’?
Answer: A trial is said “Fair Trial’ when it follows a set of reasonable and just legal procedures. A fair trial ensures that Article 21 (Fundamental Rights) of the Constitution is upheld.   
Question 3: Why is a Fair Trial important or necessary? Explain the essential elements of Fair Trial giving examples of Shanti’s case.
Answer: according to the Constitution, every individual charged of a crime has to be given a fair trial. The Article 21 of the Constitution which provides Fundamental Rights to a citizen guarantees the right to life states that a person’s life or liberty can be taken away only by following reasonable and just legal procedures. A Fair Trial is necessary to ensure that Article 21 of the Constitution is upheld. Moreover, the rule of law which states that everyone is equal before the law would not make much sense if there is no fair trail.
Elements of Fair Trial - There are some essential elements of a fair trial which in view of Shanti’s case can be mentioned as follows:
(1) A copy of the charge sheet and all other evidences that the prosecutor presented was given to Shanti.
(2) The trail was held in an open court in presence of the accused.
(3) In accordance with Article 22 and article 39A, a defence lawyer advocate Roy was provided to the accused.
(4) The defence lawyer was given full opportunity by the judge to plead the case on behalf of the accused, cross-examine all the prosecution witnesses and present witness in defence of the accused.
(5) The judge assumed Shanti to be innocent and it was the responsibility of the Public Prosecutor to prove the accused (or Shanti) guilty beyond any reasonable doubt.
Thus the judge remained impartial and decided whether the accused person is guilty or innocent on the basis of the evidence presented and in accordance with the law. In Shanti’s case, she was given a Fair Trial and was acquitted of the charge of theft.     

Question 4: Write a short note on “FIR”.
Answer: The First Investigation Report or FIR is filed in the police station. After the registration of an FIR the police start their investigation into a crime. As per the law it is compulsory for an officer-in-charge of a police station to register an FIR whenever a person gives information about a cognizable offence. This information can be given to the police orally or in writing. It usually contains the date, time, place of offence and basic facts including the description of the events. One can also mention the identity of the accused persons, witnesses, their addresses etc. The FIR also states the name and address of the complainant along with his signature. The complainant has a legal right to get a copy of the FIR from the police.    
Question 5: What is the role of a judge?
Answer: The judge is like an umpire in a game. He conducts the trail impartially and in an open court. The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidences presented by the prosecution and the defence. He arrives at his final judgment of the case on the basis of the evidence presented and in accordance with the law. If the accused is convicted, the judge pronounces the sentence. He may send the person to jail or impose a fine or both, as per the provision of the law.  
Question 6: Define: (a) Public Prosecutor (b) Defence Lawyer
(a) Public Prosecutor - The advocate who pleads the cases on behalf of the government and who has been appointed by the government on permanent basis is known as the Public Prosecutor.
(b) Defence Lawyer - Defence lawyer is the advocate who pleads on behalf of the accused person(s).

Understanding Our Criminal Justice System - NCERT Solutions for Chapter 6, Class 8 Civics

Lesson 6, Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

Class VIII, Civics (Social and Political Life - Part 3) | NCERT Solutions of Chapter Exercise Questions
Question 1: Why do you think there is a rule that confessions made during police custody cannot be used as evidence against the accused?
Answer: Although as per the guidelines laid down by the Supreme Court the police are not allowed to torture or beat or shoot anyone during investigation but, there is a possibility that the police may adopt the illegal methods to make the accused confess his or her guilt due to the police high handedness.
So, Article 22 of the Constitution clearly indicates that the confession made in police custody can not be used as evidence against the accused.

Question 2: What did the judge say in Shanti’s case after hearing the testimony of all the witnesses?
Answer: After hearing the testimony of all the witnesses the judge in his final judgment acquitted Shanti of the charge of theft. As well he made it a point to highlight SI Rao’s role in conducting such a poor investigation because of which Shanti had to spent time in jail. In all probability the judge would have said that SI Rao did not investigate the case fairly and adequately and it was a total lapse on the part of the police.  

Sankhyavachak Sanskrit Shabd | Numbers in Sanskrit | संख्यावाचक शब्द

संस्कृत में संख्यावाचक शब्द
संख्यावाचक शब्दों (संख्याओं) का लिंग निर्धारण

Numbers in Sanskrit, their Gender | Counting in Sanskrit

·     1 => एकः, एका, एकम् 
·     2 => द्वौ, द्वे, द्वे
·     3 => त्रयः, तिस्त्रः, त्रीणि
·     4 => चत्वारः, चतस्त्रः, चत्वारि 
·     5 => पञ्च
·     6 => षट्
·     7 => सप्त
·     8 => अष्ट
·     9 => नव
·     10 => दश
·     11 => एकादश 
·     12 => द्वादश 
·     13 => त्रयोदश
·     14 => चतुर्दश 
·     15 => पञ्चदश
·     16 => शोडदश 
·     17 => सप्तदश 
·     18 => अष्टादश
·     19 => नवदश / ऐकोनविंशतिः 
·     20 => विंशतिः 
·     21 => एकविंशतिः
·     22 => द्वाविंशतिः
·     23 => त्रयोविंशतिः
·     24 => चतुर्विंशतिः
·     25 => पञ्चविंशतिः
Next>> Counting in Sanskrit numbers (51-100)

·     26 => षट्विंशतिः 
·     27 => सप्तविंशतिः
·     28 => अष्टविंशतिः
·     29 => नवविंशतिः 
·     30 => त्रिंशत् 
·     31 => एकत्रिंशत् 
·     32 => द्वात्रिंशत्
·     33 => त्रयस्त्रिंशत् 
·     34 => चतुस्त्रिंशत्
·     35 => पञ्चत्रिंशत्
·     36 => षट्त्रिंशत्
·     37 => सप्तत्रिंशत् 
·     38 => अष्टत्रिंशत् 
·     39 => नवत्रिंशत् / एकोनचत्वारिंशत्
·     40 => चत्वारिंशत्
·     41 => एकचत्वारिंशत्
·     42 => द्विचत्वारिंशत्
·     43 => त्रयश्चत्वारिंशत् / त्रिचत्वारिंशत्
·     44 => चतुश्चत्वारिंशत् 
·     45 => पञ्चचत्वारिंशत्
·     46 => षट्चत्वारिंशत्
·     47 => सप्तचत्वारिंशत्
·     48 => अष्टचत्वारिंशत्
·     49 => नवचत्वारिंशत्
  ·     50 => पञ्चाशत्