Class 10 Outcomes Of Democracy - Chapter 7 Democratic Politics II - Cbse Ncert Solutions of Intext Questions



Class 10, Social (Political Science) Chapter 7, Democratic Politics II

NCERT Solutions of In-Text Questions

Textbook page No. 89
Question: Can you think of what and how the government knows about you and your family (for example ration cards and voter identity cards)?
Solution: The government knows about me and our family through the following ways:
1.   Every ten years, the Government conducts census. In this census, there is records of each adult member of the family along with his\her sex, age and education.
2.  There is a provision of registering birth, marriage and death of the family members with the government institutions.

Question: What are the sources of information for you about the Government?
Solution: The sources of information for us about the government are as follows:
1.   Right to Information. Each and every citizen has the right to know about the policies and plan of the government and also its working, structure, etc.
2. Political leaders either local or national are the main sources information to the common people. They make them aware of the policies and decisions taken by the government.

Textbook page No. 92
Question: What would be your verdict on democracy if you had to base its purely on economic performance of democratic regimes in terms of growth and equal distribution?
Solution:  We find that the dictatorial regimes on an average have had a slightly better record of economic growth than that of the democratic countries between 195- and 2000. But when we compare the same records only in poor countries, there is virtually no difference. Similarly, there are evidences of very high degree of inequalities existing within democratic countries. For example, in democratic countries like – South Africa, Brazil, Russia and USA, the top 20% people take away more than 50% of the national income leaving only 4% or less of the national income for the bottom 20% population. So, if we base our verdict on economic performance of democratic regimes in terms of growth and equal distribution alone then, it is not satisfactory.
But we have to remember that ‘democracy’ is just a form of government. Also, economic growth of a country depends on various factors like – population of the country, global situation, co-operation from others countries, economic priorities taken up by the country, literacy percentage etc. Democracy has many positive things that lack in other forms of governments, so, I will go with democracy.

Textbook page No. 93
Question 1: Democracy is a rule of the majority. The poor’s are in majority. So democracy must be a rule of the poor. How can this not be the case?
1.   Democracy is a rule of the majority means that rule by majority views.
2.   Rule by majority does not mean rule by majority in terms of religion, race, linguistic groups, poors or rich.
3.   It means that in case of every decision or in case of every election, different persons and groups may and can form majority.
4.   So, to say that democracy must be a rule of the poor will give rise to a further division of society on a different line and lead to conflict.
5.   Democracy remains democracy only as long as every citizen has a chance of being in majority at some point of time.

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