Federalism - Class 10 CBSE Political Science - NCERT Answers of Democratic Politics II Chapter 2, Intext Questions


Class X, CBSE Political Science - Democratic Politics II

Chapter 2, Federalism

Ncert Solutions | NCERT Answers of Textbook Intext Questions

Democratic Politics II, Page No.14
Question: I am confused. What do we call the India government ? Is it Union, Federal or Central ?
Answer:  Since, India is made up of states by ‘holding together’, so, without any confusion we should call it a federal state and the government at the centre is called the central government.

Question: Though only 25 of the world’s 192 countries have federal political system, their citizen’s make up 40 per cent of the world’s population. Most of the large countries of the world are federations. Can you notice an exception to this rule in this map?
Answer: Yes. China, which is the most populous country of the world, does not practise the federal system of sharing of power. Instead, it enjoys unitary political system.

Democratic Politics II, Page No.15
Question: If federalism works only in big countries, why did Belgium adopt it ?
Answer:  Because even though it is a small country, it has diverse population made up of multilingual groups. These linguistic groups have their own interests which might lead to social conflict. So, to avoid any possible social conflict and political instability, Belgium adopted federal system of power sharing.

Democratic Politics II, Page No.17
Question: If agriculture and commerce are state subjects, why do we have ministers of agriculture and commerce in the Union cabinet ?
Answer: This is because the states have to deal with each other in commercial and agricultural commodities. There comes chances when a state will act arbitrarily. In that condition, problems will arise regarding price control, tax, etc. Also, the country has to deal with other nations in these subjects. So, a separate ministry for agriculture and commerce is necessary in the Union cabinet.

Democratic Politics II, Page No.18
Question: Pokharan, the place where India conducted its nuclear test, lies in Rajasthan. Suppose the Government of Rajasthan was opposed to the Central Government’s nuclear policy, could it prevent the Government of India from conducting the nuclear tests ?
Answer: No, the Government of Rajasthan cannot prevent the Government of India from conducting the nuclear tests. Since, it is a matter related to the National Security, so it comes under the jurisdiction of the Central Government.

Question: Suppose the Government of Sikkim plans to introduce new textbooks in its schools. But the Union Government does not like the style and content of the new textbooks. In that case, does the state government need to take permission from the Union Government before these textbooks can be launched ?
Answer: Yes, in this case the Government of Sikkim will have to take permission from the Union Government, because education is a subject of Concurrent List on which both the state and union governments can make laws. And, in case of any conflict of law, only the Union law prevails.

Question: Suppose the Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Orissa have different policies on how their state police should respond to the naxalites.  Can the Prime Minister of India intervene and pass an order that all Chief Ministers will have to obey ?
Answer:  No, police is a state subject on which only the states can make laws.

Democratic Politics II, Page No.19
Question: Can you identify three state names in 1947 that have changed later ?
Answer:  1. Madhya Pradesh was called Central Province. 2. Punjab was a part of North-West Province. 3. Rajasthan was a part of Rajputana.

Question: Identify any three states which have been carved out of a bigger state.
Answer: 1. Jharkhand from Bihar. 2. Chhattisgarh from Madhya Pradesh. 3. Uttaranchal from Uttar Pradesh.

Democratic Politics II, Page No. 20
Question: Why Hindi ? Why not Bangla or Telugu?
Answer: The Government of India, in its Constitution, declares Hindi and English as official languages. But, being a federal government, it cannot impose its will on the people who speak a language other than Hindi. The Union Government continues to promote Hindi as the official language because 40% of its population speaks Hindi. This is the flexibility shown by the Union that states have their own official languages. We respect the language and culture of each other. So, people are free to speak in the language of their choices. Each state has its official language.

Democratic Politics II, Page No. 22
Question 3: Find out about three languages that are spoken in India but are not included in this table (in 8th standard).
Answer:  Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Bundel-khandi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani, Bhili. (Write any three).

Democratic Politics II, Page No.25
Question: Prime Minister runs the country. Chief Minister runs the state. Logically, then the Chairperson of Zila Parishad should run the district. Why does the D.M. or Collector administer the district ?
Answer:  The president of Zila Parishad is the political head. All the decisions are made under his leadership. In fact, the DM is the administrative head, who executes the decisions of the Parishad. This is, in fact, an example of sharing of power. We can compare it with sharing of power between the legislative and executive. So, it is right that the DM administers the district.

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