VII, Social (History)
9, Our Pasts II
THE MAKING REGIONAL CULTURES
Solutions of CBSE Sample Questions
Short type CBSE Questions - Answers
Question.1: What did ‘Pir’ include? Or, what do you understand by ‘Pir’?
Ans: The ‘Pir’ is a Persian word meaning a spiritual guide. The term ‘Pir’ included saints or sufis and other religious personalities, daring, colonizers, deified soldiers, various Hindu and Buddhist deities and also animistic spirits.
The cult of Pir became very popular and their shrines can be found everywhere in Bengal.
Question.2: What is Nath literature?
Ans: Early Bengali literature can be of two categories. One category includes translations of the Sanskrit epics, the Mangala Kavyas and Bhakti literature.
The other category in Nath literature which includes the songs of Maynamati and Gopichandra, stories related to the worship of Dharma Thakur, fairy tales and folk tales etc. Actually the Naths were ascetics who engaged in a variety of yogic practices.
Question.3: What are miniature paintings?
Ans: Miniatures are small-sized paintings, generally done in water colour on cloth or paper. The earliest miniatures were done on palm leaves or wood. Theses are used to illustrate Jain texts, manuscripts containing historical accounts and poetry. These were generally painted in brilliant colours. These were often used to portray (show) court scenes, battle scenes, scenes of hunting and other similar aspects of social life. They were often exchange as gifts and were viewed only by the elite class like the Emperor and his associates.
Question.4: What is Basohli and where were they found?
Ans: It is a bold and intense style of miniature painting which developed by the late 17th century around the regions Himalayan foothills.
The most popular text which was painted in Basohli were Bhanudatta’s Rasamanjari.
Long type CBSE Questions - Answers
Question.1: Describe the temple structure in Bengal.
Ans: Refer to the NCERT solutions of textbook Q.No.4.
Question.2: Bengal witnessed a temple building spree from late 15th century. Give reasons.
Ans: Refer to the answer of the NCERT Q.No.8. [See our article: Class 7, The Making of Regional Cultures | NCERT Social Science - History - Chapter 9, Our Pasts II]
Question.3: What did Bengal witness from the lae15th century?
Ans: Refer to the answer of the NCERT solutions of textbook Q.No.8.
Question.4: What is the significance of women in the traditional stories of Rajasthan or Rajputs?
Ans: From the history we find that women had a great significance in all activities of Rajput families. Sometimes they figure as the ‘cause’ for conflicts, as men fought with one another to either win or protect women. Women also performed as symbols of inspirations for their husbands in various brave activities. Women are also depicted as bravely following their heroic husbands in both life and death. There are also stories about the practice of Sati in which they willingly sacrificed their lives by self-immolation on the funeral pyres of their husbands.
Question.5: Did women find a place in the stories of Rajputana / Rajasthan?
Ans: Hint - Answer of the Q. No.4 above.
Question.6: What is the origin of miniature paintings? How did it help in spreading Mughal culture?
Ans: The origin of miniature paintings can b3e attributed to the court of Mughal Emperors like - Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan who used to patronize highly skilled painters.
With the decline of Mughal Empire, many painters moved out to the courts of the emerging or adjacent regional sates. These painters along with them carried the Mughal artistic tastes to regional courts of the Deccan and the Rajputs of Rajasthan. They followed the Mughal examples of portraying the rulers, the court scenes etc in their miniature paintings. In this way the miniature paintings helped in influencing and spreading of Mughal culture to the other States.
Also study - NCERT Solutions of Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions
- Class 7, The Making of Regional Cultures | NCERT Social Science - History - Chapter 9, Our Pasts II [READ]
- Chapter wise NCERT answers and solutions of CBSE extra questions for Class VII, History textbook Our Pasts II [READ]