Tracing Changes Through A Thousand Years, Our Pasts II - Class 7, Solutions of Ncert Cbse History Chapter Exercise


Class VII, Social (History) – Our Pasts II

NCERT CBSE Solutions

Chapter 1, Tracing Changes Through A Thousand Years

NCERT Chapter Exercise Questions (Important Questions only)

QUESTION.1: Who was considered a ‘foreigner’ in the past?
Solution: A person who was a stranger or who was not a part of the society or culture was considered as a ‘foreigner’ or ‘pardeshi’ or ‘ajnabi’.

QUESTION.2: State whether True (T) or False (F).
   (a)      We do not find inscriptions for the period after 700.
   (b)      The Marathas asserted their political importance during this period.
    (c)      Forest-dwellers were sometimes pushed out of their lands with the spread of agricultural settlements.
   (d)      Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban controlled Assam, Manipur and Kashmir.
Solution: (a) T (b) T (c) T (d) F

QUESTION.3: Fill in the blanks
   (a)      Archives are places where ___________ are kept.
   (b)      _______ was a fourteenth century chronicler.
    (c)      _____ ______ _____ _____ and ______ were some of the new crops introduced into the subcontinent during this period.
Solution: (a) manuscripts / records / documents (b) Ziyauddin Barani (c) Potatoes, corn, chillies, tea and coffee.

QUESTION.4: List some of the technological changes associated with this period.
Solution: Some of the technological changes associated with this period:
·      Persian wheel in irrigation.
·      Fire arms in combat.
·      Spinning wheel in weaving.
·      New foods and brewages like potato, corn, chillies, tea and coffee.

QUESTION.6: In what ways has the meaning of the term “Hindustan” changed over the centuries?
Solution: The meaning of the term ‘Hindustan’ changed over the centuries in various ways. In the 13th century Muihaj-i-Siraj used the term ‘Hindustan’ to mean the areas of Punjab, Haryana and the area lying between Ganga and Yamuna. He used this term in a political sense that was a part of the dominion of Delhi Sultan.
In the 16th century Babar used the same term to describe the geography, the fauna and the culture of the inhabitants of this subcontinent. In 14th century Amir Khusaru used the term ‘Hind’ in the same sense as Babar did in 16th century.
But the term ‘Hindustan’ never carried the political and national meanings as the term ‘India’ does today.

QUESTION.7: How were the affairs of Jatis regulated?
Solution: The affairs of jatis were regulated in the following ways -
>> Jatis formed their own rules and regulations.
>> There was an assembly of elders called Jati panchayat which used to enforce the rules etc.
>> Jatis were also directed to follow the rules of the village.
>> Several villages were governed by a chieftain. 

QUESTION.8: What does the term pan-regional empire mean?
Solution: Pan-regional Empire means the empire crossing its region and spreading over several other regions.

QUESTION.9: What are the difficulties historians faces in using manuscripts?
Solution: The historians faced the following difficulties in using manuscripts -
·      Manuscripts are in dilapidated condition sometimes even too bad to touch.
·      Their copies have been distorted by the scribes - sentences and words here and there.
·      Some of these are written in Shikaste (illegible) script. 

QUESTION.10: How do historians divide the past into periods? Do they face any problems in doing so?
Solution: Historians divide the past into periods on the basis of continuity. This continuity is further based on -
>> Coins
>> Inscriptions
>> Architecture
>> Textual records
But they had to face difficulties in doing so as discontinuity did exist. Textual records increased heavily.

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