Class 9, Ncert Cbse Social (Political Science)
Solutions (Answers) of CBSE (CCE) type Sample Questions
Answer of Q.1: In some countries, educational qualification is a necessary requisite for the voters and the election contestants. They have a view that as some kind of educational qualification is necessary for holding a job, similarly it should also be there for the voters and candidates especially who would hold such an important post of responsibility.
But many people, especially those belonging to the developing countries, do not agree with this view because of the following reasons:
1. Educational qualifications are not relevant to all kinds of jobs. A cricket player should be judged by his ability to play the cricket and not by his qualification.
2. The voters are the best judge to choose the educated candidate or an experienced candidate who has the ability to understand people’s concerns, problems etc.
3. It is also argued that if a graduate degree is made compulsory, then more than 90 per cent voters would become ineligible for contesting an election. This will be against the true spirit of democracy which at present India has.
Answer of Q.2: When any constituency is reserved for people who belong to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, such a constituency is called a Reserved Constituency. Some reasons for adopting such a system are as follows –
1. The system of reserved constituencies makes our democracy a real representative democracy (true representation).
2. If there would not have been this provision very few persons from Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes would have been elected in the Lok Sabha or Vidhan Sabhas for lack of resources, education, information etc.
3. If people belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes had not been elected our parliament and assemblies would have been deprived of the voice of a significant section of society. Also our democracy would not have been a true representative one as it is now.
4. Another reason, that these people do not take the share of any other section of the society because the number of their seats is exactly in proportion to their share in population.
Answer of Q.3: ‘Election’ is a mechanism by which people can choose their leaders or representatives. Each candidate who contests an election represents a particular area which is called a ‘Constituency’.
Answer of Q.4: The list which contains the particulars of eligible voters is called the Electoral Roll.
Answer of Q.5: Following things or practices make an election democratic:
1. No person with dubious record should be allowed to contest an election.
2. There should be at least two parties or contestants.
3. Elections must be held regularly after a fixed interval of time say, 5 years.
4. It must be conducted in a free and fair environment.
Answer of Q.6: Symbols are allotted to the parties or candidates by the Election Commission. It is important because –
1. Even an ordinary and illiterate person can easily recognize the party by its symbol.
2. It helps the political parties to easily arrange their processions and meetings and carry on their canvassing, propaganda etc.
3. If there is more than one candidate of the same name in the same constituency, the symbols prove all the more useful.
Answer of Q.7:
Necessity of Election Commission – Election in a democratic country plays a very important role. Hence, there is a great necessity of an independent body to hold free and fair elections. This body is called the Election Commission.
Functions of the Election Commission – The Election Commission of India has to perform so many important functions in order to hold free and fair elections.
1. Preparation of Electoral Rolls
2. Delimitation of Constituencies
3. Fixing and declaring election dates
4. Scrutiny of nomination papers
5. Allotment of election symbols
6. Printing ballot papers or arranging voting machines
7. Holding free and fair elections
8. Counting and declarations of election results
9. Checking undue interference of party in power
Answer of Q.8: Right to express one’s choice by voting is called ‘Franchise’. When the right to vote or franchise is given to every adult in a state irrespective of his or her sex, caste, religion, socio-economic and educational background etc. then it is called Universal Adult Franchise.
Merits of Universal Adult Franchise – India has adopted the Universal Adult Franchise because of its following merits;
1. It is based on Political Equality
2. It establishes true democratic government
3. It makes government accountable or responsible to all citizens.
Electoral Politics - NCERT (CBSE) Class IX Political Science (Further study)
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