Albert Einstein by Patrick Pringle - Class 11, Snapshots NCERT answers

Chapter 4, Albert Einstein at School by Patrick Pringle

NCERT answers of Class 11 NCERT English Supplementary Reader - Snapshots

Question 1: What do you understand by Einstein's nature from his conversations with his history teacher, his mathematics teacher and the head teacher? 
Answer: Einstein's was not contented with the education system of Germany where he was studying in school. As a result of which his behaviour at times seemed to be unruly in school. He believed in thinking original ideas. Einstein thought that education is meaningless if it cannot develop new ideas, skills and interest among the students.
He felt that merely learning facts and memorizing dates were of no use. This led to an unpleasant argument between Einstein and Mr. Braun, his history teacher.
From his conversation with the mathematics teacher Mr. Koch it can be inferred that he had a real interest in mathematics. It was the only class which he never missed. Albert seemed to be a lot more respectful and obedient towards his mathematics teacher. Unlike history teacher, the mathematics teacher had a different opinion about Einstein as he could identify the genius in him and willingly gave him a glowing testimonial.
Among all the three Einstein had the worst encounter with the head teacher. Here we find him defensive initially however; he became carefree at the end of the meeting as he showed his contempt by refusing to close the door on his way out. He didn't even mind to have a last look before leaving the school.
The above encounters show Albert Einstein as a creative individual with self respect, firm opinion and belief in himself.

Question 2: The school system often curbs individual talents. Discuss.
Answer: It is quite true that the school education often curbs individual talents. Most of the time, it is outdated and worthless. Education has no meaning if it cannot develop new ideas, creative skills and interest among the students. There will always be individual differences. One student may be genius in arts while other may be in math or science and yet another student may prove his talent in some sports. Books are only a part of education. Education is not just learning facts, figures or dates. Rather, our education system should be such that it can bring out the best talent from within a learner while he or she is learning in the school. Too much restrictions, formalities and discipline can be unproductive for all around growth in children. The school should act like a facilitator not a barrier. It should create conducive atmosphere where one can feel encouraged and inspired to attain the goal of life.

Question 3: How do you distinguish between information gathering and insight formation? 
Answer: 'Information gathering' means collecting information or data as the news reporters do to create news, article or a story. Without going much into the details or understanding the reasons, they just represent the information they gathered. The education system what Einstein found in his German school also stressed more on gathering information. The history teacher asked him when the Prussians defeated the French at Waterloo. Einstein thought mere learning of facts and figures has no meaning since these can be collected from any good book on that subject. What is important, understanding the reasons behind an event as also develop an idea which forms the basis of education.
On the other hand, 'Insight formation' means creating or forming an insight or deep understanding. Einstein believed insight formation must be the aim of education. He felt that education does not necessarily mean to learn dates and facts rather; it should teach one how to search the reason and understand the same. For example, mugging the dates of battles is not important but to probe into its cause is important so that the basis can be rooted later on. The real growth of mind, knowledge and creativity comes from 'insight formation' and not from 'information gathering'.

SNAPSHOTS - Related Posts

  • Albert Einstein at School by Patrick Pringle - CBSE Guess and Guide with Sample Questions Answers (to be published soon)

CBSE schools will follow NCERT textbooks only from 2017-18 session

CBSE NCERT Solution > CBSE News

CBSE schools will follow NCERT textbooks only from 2017-18 session
CBSE schools will have to use NCERT textbooks from the 2017-18 academic sessions. The decision was taken at a meeting chaired by the Human Resource Development Minister, Sri. Prakash Javadekar. The move to make National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) study materials mandatory for all Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) schools across the country is expected to standardize the curriculum across schools in the country. The move comes at a time when many parents were complaining that they are forced to purchase textbooks from private publishers.

It is a welcome relief for millions of parents forced by schools to purchase textbooks from private publishers that are much costlier than the NCERT books. NCERT has been directed to make all the textbooks available, in adequate numbers, through its 680 empanelled distribution vendors across the country by the last week of March. All the CBSE schools will have to raise their demand online on CBSE's website by February 22, 2017. A CBSE official said that based on the mandatory disclosure of its schools, the board has an accurate estimate of the quantum of NCERT textbooks necessary for Classes 1-12 for any academic session.

CBSE Related News

NEET - National Eligibility cum Entrance Test by CBSE

CBSE NCERT Solution > CBSE News

NEET 2017 - National Eligibility cum Entrance Test

NEET - National Eligibility cum Entrance Test by CBSE
NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) 2017, the country wide common entrance exam for admission to undergraduate medical courses (MBBS, BDA, etc.) in 462 medical colleges, will be conducted in 10 languages - English, Bengali, Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Odia and Assamese.

It has been made mandatory by Union HRD Ministry that there will be only “one nation-one test” i.e. one common entrance test National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) which will be conducted by CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) in association with MCI (Medical Council of India) for admission to under-graduate courses such as MBBS and BDS in Medical Colleges. So, NEET will be replacing all other entrance tests, which were held at state-level till now for admission to under-graduate medical courses in India.

The idea of conducting the common National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) on all-India basis for admission to all undergraduate medical colleges was first proposed by the Medical Council of India (MCI). To begin with, this proposal faced some opposition from some states and private colleges which argued that such a test would put rural students at a disadvantage. Also, there might be a mismatch in the syllabi of the state and Central Boards (CBSE). Some states wanted the students should also have options to appear NEET in their own languages. So after considering all the issues from various sections across the country, the government has finally come out with a solution where the students will be allowed to take NEET in at least 10 languages from 2017 onwards.  

The CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) will conduct NEET 2017 in 80 cities on 7th May.
The maximum number of attempts allowed for NEET will be 3 with the May 2017 counted as the first attempt. An upper age limit of 25 years on the date of the exam has been fixed however; students belonging to the reserved categories will have an age relaxation of 5 years.  
Application can be made Online only. If you are applying for the first time then you have to register first before applying.
To Register and Apply online click NEET 2017 Application (this will take you to the official window of NEET registration by CBSE)

Medical Colleges Entrance Exams or Admission Tests FACT FILE
·     Total number of Medical Colleges under MCI: 462
·     Number Government Medical Colleges: 141
·     PG Medical Colleges teaching MD, MS: 68
·     Medical Colleges teaching PG Diploma courses: 55
·     Medical Colleges teaching super specialty courses (DM, M.Ch): 34
·     Approximate number of MBBS seats: 40725
·     Approximate number of PG seats: 17150
·     Approximate number of students appear MBBS entrance exams: 250,000
·     Approx. number of MBBS entrance exams a student has to take in a year now (prior to NEET): 17 - 30


CBSE ends OTBA (Open Text Based Assessment)

The CBSE has decided to discontinue OTBA (Open Text Based Assessment) for Classes 9 and Class 11 from this academic year as this practice was hindering development of students' critical abilities. CBSE took the decision after receiving negative feedback from schools on the system.

Earlier in this month CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) announced that Class 10 Board Exams will be compulsory from next year (2017-18 academic year) with 20 per cent weightage for school-based internal assessment.This will end the existing system that gives students the option of either taking a school-based evaluation or the Board Exam.

Students have to score at least 33 per cent in the CBSE conducted Board Exam (written test), which would carry 80 per cent weightage, and also in the school conducted internal assessment to to clear the Exam.      

According to the CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) circular, the assessment - to be conducted by the school - will take into account period written tests, notebook submissions, punctuality, speaking and listening skills and projects. Schools have to promote co-curricular activities like social welfare, sports and the creative arts. 

 Related Post 

(Source: Telegraph)

Letter to Pitaji in Hindi about your birthday celebration - आपने अपना जन्मदिन कैसे मनाया यह लिखकर पिताजी को पत्र

आपने अपना जन्मदिन कैसे मनाया यह लिखकर पिताजी को पत्र 

Pitaji ko Patra | Hindi Family Letters | Letter to Father in Hindi

Write a letter to your father in Hindi describing how you celebrated your birthday

Write a letter to your father (Pitaji) in Hindi describing how you celebrated your birthday
परीक्षा भवन
नेताजी सुभाष चंद्र बोस  सी. से. स्कूल,
दिनांक:  . . . . .

पूज्य पिताजी,
आपको और मम्मी को सादर प्रणाम।  

अभी-अभी मुझे आपका पत्र मिला जिसे पढ़ कर बहुत अच्छा लग रहा है। आप अपने पत्र में मुझसे मैं अपना जन्मदिन कैसे मनाया लिखने को कहा है। तो पिताजी, इस पत्र में वही लिखने जा रही हूँ।  

प्रत्येक वर्ष की तरह इस वर्ष भी मुझे १२ जनवरी, यानि मेरे जन्मदिन की प्रतीक्षा थी।  मेरी सहेलियाँ भी मुझे बार-बार स्मरण कराती रहती है। इस साल भी मैं इस दिन को धुम-धाम और ख़ुशी के साथ मनायी। प्रातः घर में हवन किया गया था। शाम को पार्टी के लिए मम्मी सामान ले आयी थी। मेरी स्कूल की सहेलियाँ स्नेहा, सुमन, सायका, अनामिका सभी समय पर पहुँच गयी थी। हमने घर को गुब्बारों से सजा दिया था। केक काटने के पश्चात गाने बजने लगे।  हम अंताक्षरी भी खेले। इसके पश्चात हमने जी भर-कर खाया-पिया। मम्मी ने फोटो खींची।  आज उन्हें देखती हूँ तो मुझे वह शाम याद आती है।          

कितना अच्छा होता यदि आप मेरे जन्मदिन पर हमारे साथ घर होते। आपके लौटने पर मैं आपको वह सारी फोटो दिखाऊँगी। 
यहाँ शेष कुशल है।    

आपकी आज्ञाकारिणी बेटी, 

पता :- 
डॉ. नटराजन 
(तमिल नाडु)     

Click for more


Applications in Hindi | Hindi Avedan Patra | आवेदन पत्र

Applications in Hindi | Hindi Avedan Patra | आवेदन पत्र 

How to write Applications in Hindi with examples of all types of Hindi Applications (Hindi Avedan Patra):

Application in Hindi to Principal, Head Master

Hindi Avedan Patra (हिंदी आवेदन पत्र ), Prarthana Patra

  • प्राचार्य को छुट्टी के लिए आवेदन पत्र | Write a leave-application in Hindi to your Principal (Head Master) | Chhutti ke liye Prachary ko Hindi me Avedan Patra
  • Pradhaanachary ko Hindi me avedan patra (Prarthana Patra) - प्रधानाचार्य को दंड (जुर्माना) माफ़ी के लिए प्रार्थना पत्र लिखिए - Write an application in Hindi to your Headmaster requesting him to wave your penalty (fine)    
Click for Hindi Essay (Nibandh, Rachna), Letters (Hindi me Patra), Grammar (Hindi Vyakaran) important for Board and School Examinations  

Letters in Hindi | Hindi Patra Lekhan | Hindi Chitthi | Hindi Letter Writings | हिंदी पत्र लेखन

Letters in Hindi | Hindi Patra Lekhan | Hindi Chitthi 

हिंदी पत्र लेखन 

How to write letters in Hindi with examples of all types of Hindi Letter Writings (Chitthi, Patra) :

Family Letters in Hindi - Parivarik Patra

  • Pita ji ko Hindi Me Patra | पिताजी को विद्धालय के किसी समारोह का वर्णन करके पत्र 
  • Hindi letter to younger brother - छोटे भाई को पढ़ाई पर ध्यान देने के लिए पत्र 
  • Letter to Uncle in Hindi - जन्म दिवस पर भेजे उपहार के लिए चाचाजी को धन्यवाद पत्र 
  • Hindi letter to younger brother advising him to participate in sports - खेल-कूद में भाग लेने की सलाह देते हुए छोटे भाई को पत्र 

Letters to Friends in Hindi - Dost / Mitra / Saheli ko Patra

  • Letter to a Friend in Hindi - मित्र को अपने विद्धालय के बारे में पत्र लिखें 
  • Write a letter to a friend in Hindi inviting him/her at your elder brother's marriage - मित्र को अपने बड़े भाई के विवाह में सम्मिलित होने के लिए पत्र 
  • Hindi invitation letter - Letter to a friend inviting him / her to your place during vacations - दोस्त को छुट्टियों में अपने पास बुलाने के लिए पत्र लिखें 

Congratulation Letters in Hindi - Badhai Patra

  • Mitra ko Badhai Patra in Hindi - परीक्षा की सफलता पर मित्र को बधाई पत्र - Write a letter to a friend in Hindi congratulating him / her for getting success in examination

Consolation Letters in Hindi - Samvedna Patra

  • Consolation letter to a Friend (Mitra) - मित्र को संवेदना पत्र 

Editorial Letters in Hindi - Sampadkiya Patra

  • चुनाव प्रचार में शहर की दीवारों पर लिखनेपोस्टर चिपकाने की वजह से दीवारों की हालत बड़ी अजीब सी एवं शहर गन्दी दिख रही है। इस समस्या के समाधान हेतु किसी दैनिक समाचार पत्र के सम्पादक को पत्र लिखिए। (Write a letter to an Editor (संपादक) of a Daily News Paper in Hindi)
  • Hindi Editorial Letter - अपने पसंदीदा समाचार पत्र के मुख्य संपादक को बढ़ती हुई मंहगाई पर चिंता प्रकट करते हुए पत्र लिखिए।

Family Letters in Hindi | Letter to Mother in Hindi | | Maataji Ko Patra | माताजी को ऊनी कपड़े भेजने के लिए पत्र

Family Letters in Hindi | Letter to Mother in Hindi 

Maataji Ko Patra 

माताजी को ऊनी कपड़े भेजने के लिए पत्र

परीक्षा भवन
ए. बी. सी. स्कूल
दिनांक: १०-१२-२०१६
पूज्यनिया माताजी,

सादर प्रणाम!

मैं सकुशल हूँ। मेरी पढ़ाई ठीक चल रही है। आपका पत्र मुझे कल ही मिला है। 

अपने पत्र में आप ने मुझे किसी चीज़ की आवश्यकता हो तो बताने के लिए कहा है। जी माँ, मुझे कुछ वस्तुओं की आवश्यकता है। इन दिनों इधर ठंड कुछ अधिक पढ़ने लगा है। जाड़े के लिए मेरे पास पर्याप्त ऊनी कपड़े नहीं है। अतः मेरे लिए एक कार्डिगन या एक स्वेटर बुनवाकर भेज देंगी। साथ में नाश्ते के लिए कुछ नमकीन बनाकर भेज देने से अच्छा रहेगा। यह सारा सामान आप कृपया रामु द्वारा भी भेज सकती हैं

  आशा करती हूँ घर में सभी सकुशल होंगे। पिताजी को सादर प्रणाम तथा भाई को ढेर सारा दुलार।

आपकी आज्ञाकारिणी बेटी,

सेवा में,
श्रीमती दीपिका अग्रवाल
१२३, आशीर्वाद भवन
किसान चौक,

Patra Lekhan - Letter to Father in Hindi - पिताजी को वार्षिक परीक्षा के बाद आप क्या करना चाहते हैं जानकारी दे कर पत्र

Hindi Patra Lekhan | Letter to Father in Hindi

Family Letters in Hindi

पिताजी को वार्षिक परीक्षा के बाद आप क्या करना चाहते हैं जानकारी दे कर पत्र:

Family Letters in Hindi | Hindi Patra Lekhan | Papa ko Patra

परीक्षा भवन
नेताजी सुभाष चंद्र बोस मेमोरियल स्कूल
दिनांक: १० जनवरी, २०१७
पूज्य पिताजी,
सादर प्रणाम!

मुझे कल आपका पत्र मिला। घर में सब सकुशल हैं जान कर आनंद हुआ। 

आज मेरा वार्षिक परीक्षा का अंतिम प्रश्न-पत्र भी हो गया है। आपके आशीर्वाद से सभी प्रश्न-पत्र आशानुरूप हो गए हैं। दस दिनों में परीक्षा का परिणाम भी घोषित हो जाएगा। परीक्षा समाप्ति के बाद इस बीच मैं पटना में रहकर ही चित्रकला का अभ्यास करना चाहती हूँ। इसके लिए मैं अपनी एक अनुभवी मित्र का मार्गदर्शन भी लूँगी। 

परीक्षा का परिणाम आने के बाद पुनः पत्र लिखूँगी। शेष कुशल है। आपके आशीर्वाद की सदा कामना बनी रहती है। माताजी को प्रणाम तथा भाई को ढेर सारा दुलार। 

आपकी आज्ञाकारिणी बेटी,

सेवा में,
डा. सुबोध कुमार सिंह
किरणमय महाविद्यालय,

Hindi Application | Avedan Patra to Principal for Free Studentship - निर्धन छात्र-छात्रा कोष से पूर्ण निःशुल्क छात्र-वृत्ति की माँग करते हुए प्राचार्य को आवेदन पत्र

Hindi Application | Application in Hindi 

Hindi Avedan Patra

Application to Principal in Hindi for Free Studentship

निर्धन छात्र-छात्रा कोष से सहायता (छात्रवृत्ति / पूर्ण निःशुल्क छात्र-वृत्ति) की माँग करते हुए प्राचार्य को आवेदन पत्र लिखिए।

दिनांक : . . . . . . .   
सेवा में,
श्रीमान प्राचार्य महोदय,
गज़ब विद्यालय
अजबनगर (महाराष्ट्र)

द्वारा: वर्गाध्यापक महोदय

आदरणीय महोदय,

विनम्र निवेदन है कि मैं आपके विद्यालय में आठवें वर्ग की एक बहुत ही निर्धन छात्रा हूँ। मेरे परिवार में मेरे पिता ही एक मात्र उपार्जन-कर्ता हैं, और उन्हें सात सदस्यों का पालन-पोषण करना पड़ता है। वे ज़िला बोर्ड में चतुर्थ श्रेणी के एक कर्मचारी हैं। मेरे पिताजी की सीमित मासिक आमदनी इतनी भी नहीं कि घर का सारा खर्च चला सकें; स्कूल-फीस देना तो दूर की बात है। ऐसे में आगे शिक्षा जारी रख पाना मेरे लिए कठिन लग रहा है।  

मैं न केवल अपने वर्ग की एक मेधावी छात्रा हूँ बल्कि एक अच्छी एथिलीट भी हूँ और अपने विद्यालय की ओर से कई प्रतियोगिताओं में भाग लेकर पदक प्राप्त कर चुकी हूँ। मैं ने "इंटर स्कूल डिबेट कॉम्पटीशन" में भी अपने विद्धालय के लिए प्रथम पुरस्कार के रूप में ट्राफी जीती है। 

अतः मेरी आपसे सादर प्रार्थना है कि आप मेरे भविष्य, मेरे पिताजी की और मेरे परिवार की वर्तमान आर्थिक परिस्थिति को ध्यान में रखकर मुझे निर्धन छात्र-छात्रा कोष से दी जाने वाली "पूर्ण निःशुल्क छात्र-वृत्ति" (Full Free Studentship) सहायता प्रदान करने की कृपा करें ताकि मैं निश्चिन्त होकर पढ़ाई जारी रख सकूँ। आपकी इस कृपा के लिए मैं सदा आभारी रहूँगी। इस उम्मीद के साथ कि आप मुझे निराश नहीं करेंगे और "पूर्ण निःशुल्क छात्र-वृत्ति" प्रदान करने की कृपा करेंगे, 

१० जनवरी, २०१७                                                                    
 आपकी आज्ञाकारि शिष्या
                                                                                            कुमारी रेणुका शर्मा, अष्टम वर्ग

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