Class 9, Political Science Chapter 2, CBSE Guide - Additional Sample Questions Answers, NCERT Solution


 What is Democracy? Why Democracy?

Class 9 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 2, CBSE Additional Sample Questions Answers

CBSE Guide NCERT Solution

Question: “It is the rule of the people, for the people and by the people”. Who told this for democracy?

Answer: Abraham Lincoln.

Question: From where the word ‘Democracy’ has been derived?

Answer: Democracy has been derived from the Greek word ‘Democrati’. In Greek ‘Demos’ means people and ‘Krati’ means rule. So, democracy is the rule by the people. 

Question: Name three democratic countries of the world.

 Answer: India, USA and England.

Question: Name three non-democratic countries of the world.

Answer: Myanmar, Bhutan and Syria.

Question: Name three different countries where only ruling parties are allowed to contest elections.

Answer: Syria, China and Mexico.

For NCERT Solutions of Chapter Exercise questions click link below –

Democratic Politics - I (Class IX, Political Science) | Chapter-2, ‘What is democracy ? Why democracy ?’

Question: Why do we prefer democracy than any other form of government?

Answer: There are many arguments for why democracy is preferred than any other form of government. However the main arguments in favour of democracy are the following:

  1. Democracy is better than any other form of government because it represents the needs of the people. It does not depend on the whims of the ruler or the dictator. Hence, democracy is for the people and a democratic government is always accountable to the people.
  2. Democracy is based on discussion and consultation which enables it to take the most suitable decision as also correct the mistakes.
  3. Democracy provides peaceful solution to every problem. It suits the needs of many countries like India having diversity of languages, religions and cultures. Democracy in India has made it possible to keep unity in diversity and thus, provide a peaceful society.
  4. In democracy no one is a permanent winner or permanent loser. It is based on political equality which ensures equal rights for both, the rich and the poor, the educated and uneducated. Thus in a way democracy enhances the dignity of the citizen.
  5. It is only in democracy that mistakes are admitted and also it allows us to correct its own mistakes.

It is because of all these and many other reasons that democracy is considered the best form of government and so, we prefer democracy than any other form of government.     

Question: Write down some common features of democratic government.

Answer: Some common features of democratic government are as follows:

  • In democratic countries, rulers are elected by the people who take all the major decisions.
  • In democratic countries, there are free and fair elections. Elections offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current rulers.
  • In a democratic country, the opposition parties are allowed to function freely before and after the elections.
  • In democratic countries, there is a freedom of expression and people enjoy their fundamental rights.
  • Such governments are based on fundamental principles of political equality. In a democratic country each adult citizen has one vote and each vote has one value. Any citizen can aspire to contest elections for any post irrespective of his or her caste, religion, socio-economic and educational backgrounds.
  • In democratic countries, there is a ‘rule of law’ because of which a democratic government rules within the limits set by the country’s constitutional law and citizen’s rights.    


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