Population - Class 9 Geography, CBSE Guide NCERT Questions Bank


NCERT Questions Bank | CBSE NCERT Solution | CBSE Guess | CBSE Guide NCERT Solution | CBSE Sample Questions


Must Read: Answers of the some very short and short answer type Question Nos 1 - 14 already posted in our earlier post. Just click on the link below -

Short Answer-Type Questions 
https://www.cbsencertsolution.com/2019/01/population-class-9-geography-cbse-guide-ncert-questions-bank.html - representative image
(Source: Google)
Question 15. What is 'Child-Labour'? Why is child labour banned? Write two reasons.
AnswerWhen children below the age of 14 are employed in factories or business establishments, it is called child labour.
Article 39 (f) of our Constitution lays down that state shall ensure that the children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and the children are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.
Acting on these guidelines, our Government has  banned child labour. It has been banned because of the following reasons:
(1) Child labour has been banned to save children from exploration and moral and material abandonment.
(2) Child labour has been banned to enable children to receive proper education and to develop into healthy citizens later on in their lives and lead a life of freedom and dignity.

Question 16. West Bengal is more densely populated than Punjab. Give reasons.
AnswerWest Bengal is more densely populated than Punjab.  According to 2011 Census, while, in Punjab, the density of population is 550 persons per Sq.km. that of West Bengal is 1028 persons per Sq.km. The reasons for the same are the following:
(1) While in Punjab the growth rate has been declining after 1981, in Bengal however, it has increased, thus, adding to the density of population in case of Bengal.
(2) There is more migration of people from Punjab to other countries as compared to Bengal.
(3) The continuous illegal entry of Bangladeshi citizens into West Bengal added in a great way to the density of population in Bengal while there is very little entry of people from Pakistan into Punjab. 

Question 17. Kerala state is densely populated. Give two reasons.
AnswerAs per 2011 Census, the population density of Kerala is 860 persons per sq.km. Some of the reasons for the high population density of Kerala are the following:
(1) Kerala state is a part of the West Coastal Plains which are quite levelled and fertile and there is enough of rainfall. As such, there is no scarcity of food in Kerala.
(2) Kerala lies on the sea-shore for a long distance as such she earns both in external and internal trade. 

Question 18. What makes West Bengal the most thickly populated state in India? State three reasons.
AnswerOf all the states of India, West Bengal has the highest density of population with 1028 persons per sq.km (Census 2011) which is higher than the national average 382 persons per sq.km. The reasons are the following:
(1) West Bengal receives a fair amount of rainfall in addition to the river Ganges which provides extensive irrigational facilities.
(2) Apart from being in the Indo Gangetic Plain, the whole region is flat and has very fertile alluvial soils which produce in abundance to eat.
(3) West Bengal is centre of many agro-based and metal-based industries which supports easy livelihood for large population.

Question 19. Why has there been such a sudden abrupt rise in population of India since 1921?
Give reasons for the steep rise in India's population since 1921.
AnswerThe year 1921 represents an important landmark in the population history of India. Before 1921, the population of India was almost stable, though sometimes it fluctuated by rising in a particular year and falling again in another year. But after 1921, the rise in population was abrupt and constant. The year 1921 is, therefore, called 'a great divide' between the two trends of a halting population and constantly increasing population. The chief causes for this abrupt rise in population after 1921 are given as under:
(1) The first cause is the steady fall in the death rate. With the introduction of better health facilities and and so many discoveries in the field of medicine, epidemics like plague were controlled. Such factors brought down the death rate considerably.
(2) Public Health Services were extended to more and more people particularly after independence. The national government extended these services to remote villages to ensure better health facilities which resulted in a low death rate.
(3) New medicines like penicillin and antibiotics reduced the death rate and even fatal diseases like T.B. could be treated effectively.
(4) Particularly, after independence, stress was laid on better living condition both in rural and urban areas. Safe drinking water-supply in cities and towns also controlled many water-borne diseases. 

Question 20. While studying population growth, what are the two main aspects or characteristics to be kept in mind? Explain by distinguishing between the two.
AnswerWhile studying population growth, the following two characteristics are to be kept in mind:
(1) Magnitude of Population Growth, and
(2) Pace of Population Growth.
(1) Magnitude of Population Growth:
Magnitude refers to the number of persons added each year or each decade to a given population. It can be due to three processes of births, deaths and migration.
(2) Pace of Population Growth:
Then the rate of pace with which the population grows or increases per year has a direct impact on population growth. This is recorded in percent per year. If the rate of increase is 3 percent per year it means that three persons are added to every 100 persons in the existing population. If by making effects this pace is reduced to 2 percent per year naturally the growth of population will also decrease accordingly.
Thus, magnitude is the number of people added per year to existing population while pace refers to the speed at which the increase in population takes place. 

Also Read:
NCERT CBSE Guide with extra important Questions Answers - Class IX Geography Chapter 6, Population | CBSE NCERT Solutions 

Long Answer-Type Questions

Question 21. Write a short note on: Urbanisation in India.
What is the impact of fast -growing cities of India on the environment and available civic amenities?
Write a brief account on the impact of rapid urbanisation in India.
Why has the rapid growth of population in the metropolitan cities of India become a serious problem? Explain any five consequences of the same.

Question 22. Why is it important to study population?
What is the purpose of studying population?

Question 23. What could be the reason of uneven distribution of population in India?
What are the factors which influence the population distribution?
To see answers of Long Questions from 21 to 23 please click -

 Other Related Posts 

No comments:
Write comments