Judiciary - Class VIII Civics CBSE Guide and Solutions for NCERT Social and Political Life III


Class 8 Civics - NCERT Social and Political Life III

Chapter 5, JUDICIARY

CBSE Guide: Solutions of CBSE Hots – CBSE Guess Sample Questions with Solutions

CBSE Guess Short Answer Questions
Question 1: Do you think that any ordinary citizen stands a chance against a politician in this kind of judicial system? Why not?
Answer: Yes, an ordinary citizen stands a chance against a politician in this kind of judicial system.

Question 2: List two reasons why you believe an independent judiciary is essential to democracy?
Answer: An independent judiciary is essential to democracy because:
a)       It allows the courts to work independently, without being under the influence of the rich and powerful people or other branches of the State like - the Legislature and the Executive.
b)       The court can play a crucial role in protecting the Fundamental Rights of the citizens as well as enforce the rule of law.

CBSE Guess Long Answer Questions
Question 3: What is an Independent Judiciary?

  • We often hear of rich and powerful people in India trying to influence the judicial process.
  • Our Constitution provides us Fundamental Rights and Right to justice. According to Indian Constitution all persons are equal before Law irrespective of his or her social, economic, educational background, religion or caste etc.
  • The Indian Constitution protects against this kind of situation by providing for the Independence of the judiciary.
  • One aspect of judiciary's independence is the 'separation of powers'.
  • Separation of powers means that other branches of the State such as the Legislature and the executive cannot interfere in the work of the judiciary.
  • Courts are not under the government and do not act on their behalf, they are independent.

Question 4:
a)      What is the meaning of 'Judiciary' or 'Judicial System'?
b)      What is the role of the judiciary?
a) Judiciary or Judicial System
In India we have the rule of law which means that the law applies equally to all persons. Also a certain set of fixed procedures need to be followed when a law is violated. 'Judiciary' or 'Judicial System' is an organ of the State consisting of courts that enforce this rule of law and also protect the Fundamental Rights of the citizens.

b) The Role of the Judiciary
Courts take decisions on a large number of issues. Broadly the work of judiciary can be divided into the following -

1.           Dispute Resolution -
Judiciary provides a mechanism for resolving disputes between citizens, between citizens and the government, between two state governments and between the center and the state governments.
2.           Judicial Review -
As the final interpreter of the Constitution, it can review or even strike down any particular law passed by the Parliament if it believes that there is a violation of the basic structure of the Constitution.
3.           Upholding the Law and Enforcing the Fundamental Rights -
Every citizen of India can approach the Supreme Court or the High Court if they feel that their Fundamental Rights have been violated. Judiciary plays a crucial role in enforcing the rule of law, protect the Fundamental Rights and thus, functioning of India's democracy.

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