CBSE (NCERT) Class X Geography - Contemporary India II | Chapter - 1, Resources and Development | Intext and Sample Questions


Class 10 Ncert Cbse Geography | Contemporary India - II
 Activities and NCERT textbook In-Text Questions
Q.1: Identify at least two resources from each category.
Biotic resources - 1. human beings, 2. natural vegetation.
Abiotic resources - 1. water, 2. coal, 3. petroleum.
Renewable resources - 1. forests, 2. solar energy.
Non-renewable resources - 1. coal, 2. CNG.
Individual resources - 1. land, 2. house.
Community resources - 1. grazing grounds, 2. public parks.
National resources - 1. minerals, 2. river water.
International resources - 1. resources from ocean water and sea-bed beyond 200 km. of EEZ, 2. sea-routes
Potential resources - 1. tidal energy, 2. geothermal energy.
Developed resources - 1. coal 2. water.
Stock resources - 1. unexplored energy present in the interior of the earth, 2. hydrogen  and oxygen from water.
Reserves - 1. forests, 2. water in dams.    
Q.2: Can you name some resource-rich but economically backward regions and some resources poor but economically developed regions. Give reasons for such a situations.  
Ans: Regions rich in resource but backward
1)    Jharkhand is rich in mineral resources but still it is economically backward due to the following reasons:
a.    illiteracy
b.    scarcity of agricultural land
c.       lack of small scale industries
d.    disparity in income among the people
2)    Assam is rich in minerals like - coal and petroleum, cultivable land, forests and water resources but is still economically backward. The reasons are:
a.    various tribal groups who reside in this region are poor and orthodox
b.    terrorism and insurgency
c.      floods occurring almost every year
  Regions poor in resources but economically rich
Delhi is poor in resources but still it is economically rich because it is the administrative capital of India. Due to the availability of properly developed infrastructure it is industrially rich as well as most of the head offices of various government organizations are also situated here.      
Q.3: Why is conservation of resources important?
Ans: Irrational consumption and over-utilization of resources lead to socio-economic and environmental problems. If natural resources are not used judiciously then, it will cause a stagnation of development after a point of time. Exploiting resources unethically will ultimately undo the development that a country may have achieved as in future those resources will not be available for further progress. 
Q.4: The pattern of net sown area varies greatly from one state to another. It is over 80% of the total area in Punjab and Haryana and less than 10% in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and Andaman Nicobar Islands.
Find out reasons for the low proportion of net sown area in these states.   
Ans: Reasons for the low proportion of net sown area in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and Andaman Nicobar Islands are as follows:
1. Mostly tribal group lives in this region. Even today they practice shifting cultivation.
2. These states are covered by dense tropical forests.
3. These states receive very heavy and a large amount of rainfall.
4. The topography and soil types are not favourable for the cultivation.
5. These states are still considered as backward where the farmers or peasants are economically poor and do not have access to technological resources. 
Additional Important Sample Questions (CCE pattern)
Q.5: What are resources?
Ans: Everything available in our environment which can be used to satisfy our needs provided it is technologically accessible, economically exploitable and culturally acceptable, can be termed as resource.   
Q.6: Why are the human beings essential components of resources?
Ans: Human beings are essential components of resources because it is the human beings who transform the material available in our environment into resources and use them. In fact, resources are a function of human activities. 
Q.7: How are the resources classified on the basis of origin and exhaustibility?
Ans: Classification of resources on the basis of origin
1. Biotic
2. Abiotic
Classification of resources on the basis of exhaustibility
1. Renewable
2. Non-renewable
Q.8: Classify the resources on the basis of ownership and status of development.
Ans: Classification of resources
(i) On the basis of ownership:
1. Individual
2. Community
3. National
4. International
(ii) On the basis of status of development:
1. Potential
2. Developed (Reserve)
3. Stock  
Resources and Development | CBSE Class X, Social Science (Geography) | Chapter 1, Contemporary India - II | NCERT Textbook Exercise Solutions Read

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  3. Coal is in the category of biotic not abiotic

    1. Coal, Petroleum, Natural Gas all these are classified as biotic resource since they formed from the decay of organic materials.

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  5. Hii everyone it is very helpful for me thank you