CBSE Board Class 9 Political Science (Social Science)Chapter 6, Democratic Politics - I
NCERT Solutions - NCERT Answers - Solutions of NCERT Textbook Exercise Questions
NCERT Question 1: Which of the following is not an instance of an exercise of a fundamental right?
a) Workers from Bihar go to the Punjab to work on the farms.
b) Christians missions set up a chain of missionary schools.
c) Men and women government employees get the same salary.
d) Parents' property is inherited by their children.
Answers: (d) Parents' property is inherited by their children.
NCERT Question 2: Which of the following freedoms is not available to an Indian citizen?
a) Freedom to criticise the government.
b) Freedom to participate in armed revolution.
c) Freedom to start a movement to change the government.
d) Freedom to oppose the central values of the Constitution.
(b) Freedom to participate in armed revolution.
NCERT Question 3: Which of the following rights is available under the Indian Constitution?
a) Right to work.
b) Right to adequate livelihood.
c) Right to protect one's culture.
d) Right to privacy.
Answers: (c) Right to protect one's culture.
NCERT Question 4: Name the Fundamental Right under which each of the following rights falls:
a) Freedom to propagate one's religion.
b) Right to life.
c) Abolition of untouchability.
d) Ban on bonded labour.
a) Right to Religious Freedom.
b) Right to Freedom.
c) Right to Equality.
d) Right against Exploitation.
NCERT Question 5: Which of these statements about the relationship between democracy and rights is more valid? Give reasons for your preference.
a) Every country that is a democracy gives rights to its citizens.
b) Every country that gives rights to its citizens is a democracy.
c) Giving rights is good, but it is not necessary for a democracy.
Answers: Statement (a). This statement is more valid regarding the relationship between democracy and rights. This is because of the following reasons:
1) It is only in democracy that rights are ensured to the citizens.
2) Under democracy there is provision for an independent and impartial judiciary. If any government tries to abridge the rights of the citizens they can go to the court and get the justice.
3) Every country that provides rights to its citizens might not be a democracy but it is essential for a democracy to provide rights to its citizens.
Thus, democracy and rights are two sides of one and the same coin.
DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS - Solutions of NCERT textbook long answer questions
NCERT Question 6: Are these restrictions on the right to freedom justified? Give reasons for your answer.
a) Indian citizens need permission to visit some border areas of the country for reasons of security.
b) Outsiders are not allowed to buy property in some areas to protect the interest of the local population.
c) The government bans the publication of a book that can go against the ruling party in the next elections.
a) The Right to Freedom incorporates a provision which enables a citizen to move freely throughout the territory of India. But if such a freedom could be a danger for the security of the country, then the government is free to impose some restrictions on this right. So this restriction on the right of freedom is justified and I don’t think there is anything wrong in it.
b) Likewise, if it is laid down that 'outsiders are not allowed to buy property in some areas to protect the interest of the local population' - there is nothing wrong in it. Sometimes it is necessary to prevent the locals from being exploited and hence, should be looked upon as a privilege given to protect the right of the local population.
c) If the government bans the publication of a book that can go against the ruling party in the next elections, it is not justified. Because such an act of the government goes against the Right to Freedom of speech and expression, which is guaranteed to the citizens of India by the Constitution.
NCERT Question 7: Manoj went to a college to apply for admission into an MBA course. The clerk refused to take his application and said, "You, the son of a sweeper, wish to be a manager! Has anyone done this job in your community? Go to the municipality office and apply for a sweeper's position". Which of Manoj's fundamental rights are being violated in this instance? Spell these out in a letter from Manoj to the district collector.
Answers: In this instance, Manoj's 'Right to Equality' and 'Right to Freedom' which are his Fundamental Rights have been violated.
Article 15 of the Constitution, dealing with the Right to Equality, clearly states - "The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them". Article 19 of the Constitution, dealing with the Right to Freedom, clearly states: "All citizens shall have the right to practise any profession, or to carry on any trade, occupation, or business".
The uttering of these words, - “You, the son of a sweeper”, goes against the Right to Equality.
Similarly saying these words - “You, the son of a sweeper, wish to be a manager”, goes against the Right to Freedom of practising any profession.
NCERT Question 8: When Madhurima went to the registration office, the Registrar told her, "You can't write your name as Madhurima Banerjee d/o A.K. Banerjee. You are married, so you must give your husband's name. Your husband's surname is Rao. So your name should be changed to Madhurima Rao". She didn't agree. She said "If my husband's name has not changed after marriage, why should mine?" In your opinion who is right in this dispute? And why?
Answers: Madhurima is right in this dispute. The Right to Equality as stated in Article 15 of The Indian Constitution confers on her the right or freedom to use the surname of her father or her husband.
The Registrar by questioning and interfering in her personal matters is violating her right to freedom.