Class 7 Social (Civics) - Social and Political Life II
Chapter 3, How the State Government Works
NCERT Solutions (Important Questions Only)
Question.1: Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected?
Solution: An MLA (Member of the Legislative Assembly) is the person affiliated to a political party or as an independent who represents a constituency (an area).
Voters of any specific area, called as constituency, vote for the candidate of their choice. The person who gets the maximum number of votes is declared elected. This is the process by which an MLA is elected.
Question.2: How do some MLAs become ministers? Explain.
Solution: The political party which obtains more than fifty percent seats in an assembly is termed as the ruling party. The elected members (MLAs) of the ruling party choose their leader of the entire legislature. The Governor appoints give oath to the leader as Chief Minister. The chief minister forms cabinet by nominating ministers from the ruling party MLAs or from outside party members. The chief minister sends the list of names to the governor who appoints them as ministers as per the recommendations given by the chief minister after giving oath.
Question.3: Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers is debated in the Legislative Assembly?
Solution: the decisions taken by the chief minister and other ministers should be debated in the Legislative Assembly because of the following reasons:
>> It is not necessary that the decisions taken by the chief minister and other ministers are beneficial to one and all.
>> All the MLAs should know about such decisions.
>> Important suggestions given by others may be incorporated in the final decisions.
>> Adversely affecting points could be deleted after debate.
The final decisions so taken would be the decisions of all the members and hence of the people.
Question.5: What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by the Government departments?
Solution: The main difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by the Government departments is as follows -
(a) MLAs raise the important issues in the assembly and try to solve the problems being faced by the masses. In the process they also make some decisions.
(b) The job of the Government departments is to implement the decisions taken by the Assembly.
Additional solutions of CBSE important questions
Question.1: Define: (a) Press Conference (b) Constituency (c) Executive
(a) Press Conference: Press Conference is the gathering of journalists from the media who are invited to hear about and ask questions on a particular issue and are then expected to report on this to the larger public through electronic and print media.
(b) Constituency: A particular area from which all the voters living in that area choose their representatives is known as Constituency.
(c) Executive: The work of the Chief Minister, Ministers and MLAs is called the executive part of the Government.
Question.2: What are the three levels on which a government works?
Solution: The three levels on which a government works or function are -
>> Local e.g. at Block and District levels.
>> State level.
>> At the center or National level.