Class 7, Social (Civics) - Social and Political Life II
Chapter 9, A Shirt in the Market
Ncert solutions of Textbook Exercise Questions (Important Only)
Question.1: What made Swapna sell the cotton to the trader instead of selling at the Kurnool cotton market?
Answer: Swapna was a small farmer. Her production of cotton was in small quantity. She did not have capital even to purchase seeds, pesticides, fertilizers required to start cultivation of cotton. She had to take loan at high interest from the trader under a condition to sell her cotton to him. She had to pay him the principal loan amount and interest thereon as well as sell her cotton to the trader. Because of these reasons Swapna was bound to sell her cotton to the trader instead of selling it at the Kurnool cotton market.
Question.2: Describe the conditions of employment as well as the wages of workers in the garment exporting factory. Do you think the workers get a fair deal?
Answer: The conditions of employment and wages of workers in the garment factory can be described as mentioned below:
1. Conditions of employment - unhygienic conditions, no regular service, highly congested place, no job security, no proper arrangement of urinals / bathrooms / drinking water etc.
2. Wages - very low and unfair wages, no regular job, contract job, unfair deal.