CBSE Board, Class 9 NCERT guide for History
INDIA AND THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD I
(Section II: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies)
Forest Society and Colonialism
Solutions of CBSE (Ncert) sample questions (following latest CCE examination pattern)
Solution of Question.1: Dietrich Brandis was the first Inspector General of Forests in India. He set up the Indian Forest Service in 1864 and helped to formulate the 1865 Indian Forest Act.
Solution of Question.2: When agricultural activities are done on a particular plot for a short period after parts of the forest are cut and burnt in rotation. The area thus, cleared is used for cultivation for a couple of years and then left fallow for some years for the forest to grow and its replenishment.
Solution of Question.3: (i) The British encouraged the cultivation of commercial crops like jute, sugar, wheat and cotton.
(ii) They tried to increase the yield of agricultural products.
(iii) They tried to increase their revenue and enhance the income of the state through rapid expansion of agricultural activities.
Solution of Question.4: The people of Bastar revolted against the British because –
1. The British Government tried to reserve the forests which deprived these people of their right to collect forest products which used to be their livelihoods.
2. The British also ‘shifting cultivation’ which was practiced by these people.
3. People were suffering from increased land rents and frequent demands for free labour and goods by colonial officials.
Solution of Question.5:
(i) Pastoralists: People who were engaged in pastoral activities.
(ii) Scientific forestry: Forest activities carried on scientific methods or scientific lines.
NCERT Answers for Chapter Exercise Questions