Class 9, Democratic Politics I
Ncert Solutions and CBSE Guide (Political Science)
CBSE Sample Questions - Important Model Questions
(following CCE Exam pattern)
Question.1: What is a Constitution? Why do we need a Constitution?
What is a Constitution ?
The written document containing the set of basic rules according to which the government runs is called ‘Constitution’. It deals with the relations of the Center with the States, between one State and the other, between the different organs of the government and between the government and its citizens - their rights and duties etc.
Why do we need a Constitution ?
We need a Constitution because it plays a crucial role in many aspects like -
=> It specifies how the government will be constituted and who will have the power to take which decisions.
=> It lays out the important guidelines that govern decision making within the various societies of the country.
=> It lays down the ideals that form the basis of the kind of country that its citizens aspire to live in.
=> It serves as a set of rules and principles as the basis by which the country has to be governed.
=> It provides rules to safeguard the interests of minorities and prevent any kind of domination by the majority on minorities.
=> It lays down rules that guard against the misuse of power by any politician leader.
=> It also provides rights to its citizens and protects their freedom.
Question.2: Why is the Preamble of our Constitution so important? Or,
What is the importance of Preamble?
The Constitution of the Republic of India is introduced to us through a wisely formulated Preamble. It is an introductory part of the Constitution, though not a legal section of the Constitution. No one can sue the Government in the court of law and can say that the government has not enforced the Preamble. Still it has a great importance of its own because it guides all the articles of the Indian Constitution. Values that inspired and guided the freedom struggle and formed the foundation for India’s democracy, all are listed in the Preamble. It makes the intentions of our Constitution quite clear through the statement of its basic values as have been listed below:
(1) It declares India to be a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, and Democratic Republic.
(2) It envisages Justice - Social, Economic and Political - for all citizens of the Republic.
(3) It would ensure all types of freedom necessary for the individual i.e. freedom of thought and expression, freedom of faith, freedom of belief and of worship etc.
(4) It would strive for equality of status and opportunity to all individuals and safeguard their dignity irrespective of their religious belief etc.
(5) It would promote a sense of brotherhood among all its citizens.
(6) Unity of the nation would be the Hallmark of the efforts of the government.
Thus, we find that the Preamble to our Constitution is the real index to the provisions-to-come in the Constitution of the Republic of India.
Question.3: What is Constituent Assembly?
The drafting of the document called the Constitution was done by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent assembly.
Question.4: Who was the Chairman (President) of the Constituent Assembly?
Solution: Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
Question.5: Who was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee?
Solution: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
Question.6: What is Preamble to our Constitution?
Just as a book has a preface so has every Constitution a Preamble, which shows what exactly the Constitution aims at. The Preamble to the Indian Constitution lays emphasis on the following ideals:
(1) Justice social, economic and political.
(2) Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship.
(3) Equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all.
(4) Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity of the nation.
Question.7: Who is Nelson Mandela? What is the name of his autobiography?
He is a great nationalist leader of South Africa who fought for the freedom of his country. He was sentenced to life-imprisonment in 1964 for opposing the apartheid regime in South Africa. When his country became free in 1994, he became its first President. Before that he spent 28 years in South Africa’s most dreaded prison, Robben Island.
The name of the autobiography written by Nelson Mandela is ‘The Long Walk to Freedom’.
Question.8: What is secularism? Why India is called a secular state?
Secularism means showing due respect to all the religions. India is called a secular state because there is no official religion of the state. No discrimination is ever made against any individual because of his or her religion. All the citizens of India, forming different groups, sects, communities are free to practice any religion they like unless it is not detrimental to the peace, security and integrity of the country. There is a rule of law before which everybody is equal irrespective of religion, caste, creed, colour and socio-economic background.
Question.9: What was the difference between the nature of colonialism in South Africa and India?
In India the different European initially came for trading purpose and later on ruled. They never tried or had any intention to settle in India. But in South Africa, a large number of Whites settled there and some of them became landlords and local rulers as well.
Class IX, Political Science - Constitutional Design - further study