Showing posts with label Class VII Social Sc (History) | Sample Qs. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Class VII Social Sc (History) | Sample Qs. Show all posts

Online CBSE Guide NCERT Solutions - Class 7 History - The Delhi Sultans - Intext and Guess Questions

Class 7 NCERT History - The Delhi Sultans

CBSE Guide and Guess - NCERT Solutions of Middle / In Text Questions and additional CBSE Guess Questions

Question 1: Who defeated the Tomara Rajput?
Solution: Chauhans defeated the Tomara Rajput.

Question 2: Under whose rule Delhi became an important commercial center?
Solution:  It was under the Tomara and Chauhan’s rules when Delhi became an important commercial center.  

Question 3: What is dehliwal?
Solution: Coins minted by muqtis of Delhi Sultans are called dehliwal.

Question 4: Who wrote"Circle of Justice"?
Solution: Fakhr-i-Mudabbir wrote “Circle of Justice”.

Question 5: Write a short note on the Tawarikh author.
Solution: Tawarikh was written in Persian language mostly about the administration of Delhi Sultans. The authors of Tawarikh were learned men such as - secretaries, administrators, poets, and courtiers. They used to recount events and also advised rulers on governance, emphasizing the importance of just rule.     

Question 6: Define
(1) Hinterland
(2) Garrison Town
(3) Muqti, Iqta, Iqtadar
(4) Qibla
Hinterland: Land or area adjacent to a town or port that supply it with goods and other services like trade, transportation etc. are termed as ‘Hinterland’.
Garrison Town: A fortified town with settlements of soldiers.
Muqti, Iqta, Iqtadar: The Khalji and Tughluq rulers appointed military commanders as holders of their various territories. Such territories were called ‘Iqta’ and their holders (military commanders who were granted lands of these territories) were called as ‘Iqtadar’ or ‘Muqti’. Their duties included -
  • To lead military campaigns in order to maintain law and order in their iqtas.
  • In exchange they had to collect fixed revenues from the people living in their territories.
  • From the revenue collected, muqtis had to pay his soldiers, take his own salary and give the remaining to the Sultanate.
Qibla: The position of a person’s standing facing Mecca while offering Namaz (prayer) is called ‘Qibla’.

Question 7: Name the first and the only woman Muslim ruler? Mention the duration of her rule.
Solution: Razia Sultan of Delhi Sultanate was the first and the only Muslim woman ruler of India. She reigned from 1236 to 1240. Iltutmish appointed his daughter, Razia as his successor.

Question 8: Name the three types of taxes collected by the Delhi Sultans. Or
How many types of taxes were collected by the Delhi Sultans?
Solution: The three main types of taxes collected by the Delhi Sultans were -
  1. ‘Kharaj’ or taxes on cultivation which amounted to 50% of the peasant’s produce,
  2. Taxes on cattle, and
  3. Taxes on houses.

Question 9: Which of the Delhi Sultans was popularly known as ‘Lakh Baksh’?
Solution: Qutb-ud-din Aibak was popularly known as ‘Lakh Baksh’ means, ‘Giver of Lakhs’ for his generosity.  

The Delhi Sultans - further study  

The Making of Regional Cultures - CBSE Questions | Class VII, Social - History - Chapter 9, Our Pasts II

Class VII, Social (History)
Chapter 9, Our Pasts II


Solutions of CBSE Sample Questions

Short type CBSE Questions - Answers
Question.1: What did ‘Pir’ include? Or, what do you understand by ‘Pir’?
Ans: The ‘Pir’ is a Persian word meaning a spiritual guide. The term ‘Pir’ included saints or sufis and other religious personalities, daring, colonizers, deified soldiers, various Hindu and Buddhist deities and also animistic spirits.
The cult of Pir became very popular and their shrines can be found everywhere in Bengal.   
Question.2: What is Nath literature?
Ans: Early Bengali literature can be of two categories. One category includes translations of the Sanskrit epics, the Mangala Kavyas and Bhakti literature.
The other category in Nath literature which includes the songs of Maynamati and Gopichandra, stories related to the worship of Dharma Thakur, fairy tales and folk tales etc. Actually the Naths were ascetics who engaged in a variety of yogic practices.    
Question.3: What are miniature paintings?
Ans: Miniatures are small-sized paintings, generally done in water colour on cloth or paper. The earliest miniatures were done on palm leaves or wood. Theses are used to illustrate Jain texts, manuscripts containing historical accounts and poetry. These were generally painted in brilliant colours. These were often used to portray (show) court scenes, battle scenes, scenes of hunting and other similar aspects of social life. They were often exchange as gifts and were viewed only by the elite class like the Emperor and his associates.
Question.4: What is Basohli and where were they found?
Ans: It is a bold and intense style of miniature painting which developed by the late 17th century around the regions Himalayan foothills.
The most popular text which was painted in Basohli were Bhanudatta’s Rasamanjari.        

Long type CBSE Questions - Answers
Question.1: Describe the temple structure in Bengal.
Question.2: Bengal witnessed a temple building spree from late 15th century. Give reasons.
Ans: Refer to the answer of the NCERT Q.No.8. [See our article: Class 7, The Making of Regional Cultures | NCERT Social Science - History - Chapter 9, Our Pasts II]
Question.3: What did Bengal witness from the lae15th century?
Ans: Refer to the answer of the NCERT solutions of textbook Q.No.8.
Question.4: What is the significance of women in the traditional stories of Rajasthan or Rajputs?
Ans: From the history we find that women had a great significance in all activities of Rajput families. Sometimes they figure as the ‘cause’ for conflicts, as men fought with one another to either win or protect women. Women also performed as symbols of inspirations for their husbands in various brave activities. Women are also depicted as bravely following their heroic husbands in both life and death. There are also stories about the practice of Sati in which they willingly sacrificed their lives by self-immolation on the funeral pyres of their husbands.     
Question.5: Did women find a place in the stories of Rajputana / Rajasthan?
Ans: Hint - Answer of the Q. No.4 above. 
Question.6: What is the origin of miniature paintings? How did it help in spreading Mughal culture?
Ans: The origin of miniature paintings can b3e attributed to the court of Mughal Emperors like - Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan who used to patronize highly skilled painters.
With the decline of Mughal Empire, many painters moved out to the courts of the emerging or adjacent regional sates. These painters along with them carried the Mughal artistic tastes to regional courts of the Deccan and the Rajputs of Rajasthan. They followed the Mughal examples of portraying the rulers, the court scenes etc in their miniature paintings. In this way the miniature paintings helped in influencing and spreading of Mughal culture to the other States.     
Also study - NCERT Solutions of Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions  

  • Class 7, The Making of Regional Cultures | NCERT Social Science - History - Chapter 9, Our Pasts II [READ]
  • Chapter wise NCERT answers and solutions of CBSE extra questions for Class VII, History textbook Our Pasts II [READ]

Our Pasts II - Class 7 Ncert Cbse History Guide, Tracing Changes Through A Thousand Years - CCE type sample questions

Tracing Changes Through A Thousand Years

Class 7 Social (History) - Our Pasts II

  CBSE (CCE type) Sample Questions

Question.1: What does the word ‘Rajputs’ stand for?
Solution: “Rajputs” word has been derived from “Rajputra” means, the son of the ruler.
Between the 8th and the 14th centuries the term was applied more generally to a body of warriors who claimed Kshatriya caste status. The term included not just rulers and chieftains but also soldiers and commanders. They served in the armies of different monarchs all over the sub-continent.

Question.2: What did Amir Khusaru say regarding Sanskrit and Brahmanas?
Solution: Regarding Sanskrit Amir Khusaru said that it was an old language and did not belong to any region or religion.
About Brahmanas his view was that no one except the Brahmanas had the knowledge of Sanskrit.
Click below to see NCERT history textbook chapter exercise solutions

Ncert Our Past II Class VII History | Towns, Trades and Crafts Persons | Sample Questions (Cbse Cce pattern)

Class 7, Towns, Trades and Crafts Persons
Sample Hot Questions based on NCERT textbook following CBSE syllabus, CCE pattern 

Short type Questions with their Answers

Q.1: What were the kinds of towns in the medieval period? Or, For what purposes towns were made in the medieval period?

Answer: During the medieval period the towns were of many kinds which were made for 

various functions: 
  • The town used to be a temple town, administrative center, a commercial town or a port town.
  • In fact, many towns combined several functions. They were administrative centers, temple towns, centers of commercial activities and craft production.
Q.2: Give an account of administrative centers of the Chola Dynasty (in the medieval period), especially the Thanjavur.

Answer: Administrative Centers of the Chola Dynasty: 
  1. During the rule of the Chola dynasty Thanjavur was the capital a thousand years ago. 
  2. The perennial river Kaveri flows near this beautiful town. The Rajarajeshvara temple was built by king Rajaraja of Chola dynasty. 
  3. The town’s people are all praised for its architect Kunjaramallan Rajaraja Perunthachchan. He proudly carved his name on the temple wall. Inside is a massive Shiva Linga. 
  4. Along with the temple, there are palaces with Mandapas or pavilions. 
  5. Kings held court in these mandapas. They issued orders to their subordinates. 
  6. There are also Barracks for the army.
Q.3: Describe temple-towns and pilgrimage centers.

Answer: Temple-Towns and Pilgrimage Centers: 
  • Temple towns represent a very important pattern of urbanization. For example, Thanjavur is a temple town and so an important pilgrimage center. 
  • Urbanization is the process by which cities develop. 
  • Temples were often central to the economy and society: (i) rulers built temples to demonstrate their devotion to various deities. (ii) they also endowed temples with grants of land & money to carry out elaborate rituals, feed pilgrims etc. 
  • Pilgrims also made donations.
Q.4: Why did European sailors undertake voyages to the Indian subcontinent in the 15th century?

Answer: In the 15th century European sailors undertook difficult voyages of sea routes. They were driven by the desire to find ways of reaching the Indian subcontinent and obtaining spices.

Q.5: Give an account of the Journey of Columbus.

Answer: On the assumption that the earth was round, Christopher Columbus, an Italian sailor, decided to sail westwards across the Atlantic Ocean to find a route to India. But he landed in the West Indies. He was followed by sailors and conquerors from Spain and Portugal, who occupied large parts of central & South America, often, destroying earlier settlements in the area. 

Long type Questions with their Answers

Q.1: Give an account of Hampi.  

  • The architectural splendor of Hampi: It is located in the Krishna-Tungabhadra basin. It was the centre of the Vijayanagara Empire. The magnificent ruins at Hampi reveal a well - fortified city. 
  • The architecture of Hampi was distinctive. The buildings in the royal complex had splendid arches, domes and pillared halls with niches for holding sculptures, with well planed orchards and pleasure gardens. 
  • Hampi was famous for commercial and cultural activities. 
  • Moors, chettis and agents of European traders like the Portuguese, thronged the market of Hampi. 
  • The Mahanavami festival was one of the most important festivals celebrated at Hampi. Archeologists have found the Mahanavami platform where the king ereceived guests and accepted tributes from subordinate chiefs. 
  • Hampi fell into ruin following the defeat of Vijayanagara in 1565 by the Deccani Sultans. The sultans included the rulers of Golconda, Bijapur, Ahmednagar, Berar and Bidar.
Q.2: Describe Surat as a gate-way to the west.

Answer: Surat in Gujarat was the emporium means, showcase of Western trade during the Mughal period. Surat was the gate-way for trade with West Asia via the gulf of Ormuz. Surat is also called the gate to Mecca because many pilgrim ships set sail from here. The city was cosmopolitan. People of all casts and creeds lived there. In the 17th century the Portuguese, Dutch and English had their factories and warehouses at Surat. There were also several retail and whole-sale shops selling cotton textiles. The textiles of Surat were famous for their gold lace borders (Zari). They had a market in West Asia, Africa and Europe. Surat hundis were honoured in the far off markets of Cairo in Egypt, Basra in Iraq and Antwerp in Belgium. The factors responsible for decline of Surat were mainly the –
  • Loss of markets and productivity as a result of the decline of the Mughal Empire. 
  • Control of the sea routes by the Portuguese. 
  • Competition from Mumbai where the English East India Company shifted its head quarters in 1668.
Q.3: Describe the voyage of Vasco-da-gama.

Answer: Vasco-da-gama, a Portuguese sailor, was one of those who sailed across the Atlantic to the African coast. He went round it, crossing over to the Indian Ocean. He reached Calicut in 1498, and returned to Lisbon. During his voyage he lost two of his four ships and of the 170 men at the start of the journey, only 54 survived. In spite of the obvious hazards, the routes that were opened up proved to be extremely profitable. English, Dutch and French sailors followed him. 

Class VII, NCERT (CBSE) Our Past II | Chapter 6, Towns, Trades and Crafts Persons

 Class 7, Towns, Trades and Crafts Persons 
(Sample Hot Questions)
Short type questions 
Q.1: What were the kinds of towns in the medieval period? Or, For what purposes towns were made in the medieval period?

Q.2: Give an account of administrative centers of the Chola Dynasty (in the medieval period), especially the Thanjavur.

Q.3: Describe temple-towns and pilgrimage centers.

Q.4: Why did European sailors undertake voyages to the Indian subcontinent in the 15th century? 

Q.5: Give an account of the Journey of Columbus.

Long type questions 
Q.1: Give an account of Hampi.  

Q.2: Describe Surat as a gate-way to the west.

Q.3: Describe the voyage of Vasco-da-gama.
See answers of these questions 

See NCERT Text Book Exercise of this chapter solved . .  

Recent Posts

Creative Commons License
CBSE Guide NCERT Solutions is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India License.
Based on a work at by Copyscape Web Copyright Protection

To get into your INBOX enter your email address: