CBSE Class 10, NCERT Social Science (Democratic Politics II)
Chapter 5, Popular Struggles and Movements
NCERT Answers of Chapter 5, Democratic Politics II Intext Questions
Textbook Page No.60
Question 1: Are you suggesting that strike, dharna, bandh and demonstration are a good thing? I thought it happened only in our country, because we are not a mature democracy yet.
1. Democracy evolves through struggle by the people of the country. Strike, dharna, bandh and demonstrations are the democratic means of struggle. These are a good thing till used peacefully for a genuine democratic demand; otherwise these may be harmful equally.
2. When these things take place democratically in a country, it means the democracy is expanding and deepening its roots. It is not only in our country where these happen, in every democratic country these are observed when the general will of the people is ignored.
Question 2: Does it mean that whichever side manages to mobilise a bigger crowd gets away with whatever it wants? Are we saying that ‘Might is Right’ in a democracy?
1. No, mobilising a bigger crowd does not let any side have what it wants. It is not simply mobilising. People cannot be mobilised as objects. In fact, it is rooted in the common interest of the people. It is the common and genuine interest of the people that has the force of mobilising the mass. The force of struggle in the people for a common cause cannot originate at the will of any group, it is spontaneous.
2. No, we can say it in other words that people’s will and interest has might and it is through this that a democracy evolves.
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