(a) Tipu Sultan
(2) “Tiger of Mysore”
(b) Right to Collect Land Revenue
(3) Faujdari Adalat
(4) Rani Channamma
(d) Criminal Court
(e) Led an anti British Movement in Kitoor
- Trading with India was highly profitable and fruitful to the businessmen in Europe.
- The European trading companies purchased goods at cheaper and sold them in Europe at the higher prices.
- The fine qualities of cotton and silk produced in India had a big market in Europe.
- Indian spices like - pepper, cloves, cardamom and cinnamon were in great demand in Europe.
- The Diwani allowed the company to use the vast revenue resources of Bengal.
- Earlier the company had to buy most of the goods in India in exchange of gold and silver which, they imported from Britain. After the assumption of Diwani the company started to purchase the goods in India with these revenues, as a result of which the outflow of gold and silver from Britain entirely stopped.
- Now the revenues from India could be used to purchase cotton & silk textiles and also meet various expenses including maintaining the troops, meet the cost of building the company fort and offices at Calcutta.
- Indian rulers were not allowed to have their independent armed forces.
- They were to be protected by the company but pay for the Subsidiary Forces, that the company was supposed to maintain for the purpose of their protection.
- If the Indian rulers failed to make payment, then that part of territory was taken away by the company as penalty.
- British territories were broadly divided into administrative units called Presidencies. There were three Presidencies like - Bengal, Madras & Bombay whereas under the Indian rulers administration was divided into four parts - District (Zila), Paragana, Tehsil and Villages.
- Each administrative unit was ruled by a Governor.
- The supreme head of the administration was the Governor-General, whereas under the Indian Administrative system the supreme head was King or Nawab.
- Warren Hastings introduced the new system of justice. Each district was to have two courts- civil & criminal court.
- The European District Collector presided over civil courts.
- The criminal courts were still under a Qazi and a Mufti.
- Under the Regulating Act of 1773, a new supreme court was established.
- The main figure in an Indian District was Collector.
- According to his title Collector, his main job was to collect the revenue and the taxes and maintain law & order in his district with the help of judges, police officers and darogas.
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