Natural VEGETATION and WILD LIFE
NCERT (CBSE) Textbook Exercise Solution
Tropical Evergreen Forest
Tropical Deciduous Forest
· Found in the areas having heavy rainfall, more than 200 cm with short or no dry season. Warm and wet throughout the year.
· Luxuriant vegetation comprising trees, shrubs, and creepers giving a multilayered structure.
· Trees don’t shed leaves at a time appear green all the year.
· The thick canopies don’t allow the sunlight to penetrate the forests even during the daytime.
Ebony, Mahogany, Rosewood, Rubber and Cinchona.
Elephant, Monkey, One-horned rhinoceros, Deer, different types of Birds, Reptiles, Bats, Scorpions etc.
Rainy parts of Western Ghats, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, upper parts of Assam, Tamil Nadu Coast, some parts of Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa etc.
· Most wide spread vegetation type in India.
· Rainfall between 200 - 70 cm.
· These regions experiences seasonal changes.
· Trees shed their leaves in the dry season and conserve water.
· On the basis of the availability of water these forests are further are subdivided into moist and dry deciduous.
· Commercially significant hardwood trees are found here.
· Teak is the most dominant species. Others are Bamboos, Sal, Shisham, Sandalwood, Khair, Neem, Kusum etc.
Lion, Tiger, Pig, Elephant, Deer, variety of Birds, Lizards, Snakes and Insects etc.
Northeastern states, Foothills of Himalayas, Jharkhand, West Orissa, Chhattisgarh, rainier parts of Peninsular Plateaus, eastern slopes of Western Ghats, Plains of Bihar and U.P.
- Tropical Evergreen or Rain Forests
- Tropical Deciduous Forests
- Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs
- Montane Forests
- Mangrove Forests (The Tidal Forests)